High blood pressure also known as hypertension is a health problem that has been gradually increasing with each passing year the number of people affected. Many of them, because it is a silent disease, do not even suspect that they need treatment and what risks they are taking. But, how do I know if I have it if I have no symptoms? And the answer is, if you are part of the risk group and have a predisposition to have the disease or have an unruly, sedentary life and do not follow healthy habits, stay tuned!
What is High Blood Pressure?
High blood pressure is a chronic disease characterized by elevated blood pressure levels in the body. With this increase in pressure, it causes an overload in the function of the heart, impairing its function to pump blood and distribute it properly throughout the body. High pressure is characterized when its reference values (maximum and minimum) are equal to or greater than 140/90 mmHg (14 X9).
If not treated properly, high blood pressure poses serious risks not only to the health, but to the patient’s life. Among the main risks are: stroke, stroke , arterial aneurysm, kidney and heart failure.
Causes of High Blood Pressure
Among the main causes of high blood pressure is the heredity factor, which influences 90% of the cases of hypertensive patients. However, other factors that are recurrent to the way of life we lead, also affect our health and can trigger high blood pressure. Among these factors are:
- Stressful life;
- Excessive consumption of alcoholic beverages;
- Feeding with lots of salt;
- Lack of physical activity
People who suffer from altered cholesterol levels, diabetics and the elderly are likely to trigger high blood pressure as well. Black people are also more likely to suffer from hypertension. Therefore, if you are part of the risk group, be aware and redouble your care so that the disease does not manifest itself once and for all, then strict treatment and monitoring is necessary, in addition to the serious risks if you do not control blood pressure.
High Blood Pressure Symptoms
High blood pressure is considered a silent disease, and its symptoms usually appear only when the pressure is very high and uncontrolled. But either way, you need to be aware of any of the symptoms to quickly identify and seek medical attention. Among the main symptoms are:
- Splitting headache;
- Chest pain;
- Ringing in the ear;
- Blurry vision;
Among the symptoms, the feeling of weakness and the occurrence of nasal bleeding can happen. If you experience these symptoms, seek immediate attention to check your blood pressure. If the pressure rises too high, the risks are fatal.
Prevention of High Blood Pressure – What to Do
If you are part of the risk group, the best way to prevent it is to measure your blood pressure regularly. In case of abnormal increases, a cardiologist should be consulted to indicate the best treatment. The indication is that people from 20 years of age check their blood pressure for medical evaluation at least once a year. If you are part of the risk group, especially if you have family members who suffer from hypertension, this check should be done at least twice a year.
If the condition of high blood pressure is diagnosed, it is necessary to follow medical instructions, use the medication indicated for blood pressure control and totally change daily habits, especially in food. After diagnosis, it is necessary to follow the following guidelines:
- Lose weight / maintain the ideal weight;
- Reduce the amount of salt in the food;
- Practice physical activities;
- Stop smoking;
- Reduce alcohol consumption;
- Have moments of leisure;
95% of successful treatment of patients with high blood pressure is the change in diet and physical activity. If these life changes do not occur, it is unlikely that only medication will have an effect. The change in diet also includes how to prepare them, including the use of ready-made condiments and spices , including cubes and sachets, which have a high sodium content and must be cut out of the use in the life of a hypertensive patient.
High Blood Pressure in Pregnancy
High blood pressure can also cause serious problems and a lot of headache at such a special stage in a woman’s life, pregnancy. For offering serious risks to the life of the pregnant woman and also to the baby, we will highlight the main care and recommendations, as a form of alert.
For a woman who already suffers from high blood pressure and becomes pregnant, it is essential that she is informed in the first prenatal consultation to the obstetrician. So that all care is surrounded and instructions are given so that the pregnant woman has a peaceful and safe pregnancy . The change in blood pressure in the gestational phase is found in the list of main causes of maternal mortality or hospitalizations during the course of pregnancy, therefore, there is little care at this time.
The treatment in these cases must be indicated for each case in a different way, so it is necessary for the obstetrician to assess the conditions of the pregnant woman in a particular way. Complementary exams will be requested for follow-up to reduce the risks of preeclampsia and necessary care for that moment. When high blood pressure is found in pregnancy, it is treated as a high-risk prenatal , so it deserves special care.
Natural Treatment For High Blood Pressure
For those who want to give an extra boost to the treatment of high blood pressure, some natural tips will help you a lot! It is worth noting that none of the options described here replace the use of medications prescribed by your doctor and should only be used as a method to enhance treatment , as they naturally help maintain regulated blood pressure levels.
Some juices and teas, due to their properties that act in improving blood circulation, antioxidants and even vasodilators, offer a very positive result in hypertensive patients. What is at the top of the most used list is garlic tea, and blueberry juice. But hibiscus tea and olive leaves have also been increasingly in demand for their effectiveness.
Talk to your cardiologist about the best options, and what he recommends you to use together with the appropriate medication. Taking care of your health is essential for a long and quality life!
My name is Dr. Alexis Hart I am 38 years old, I am the mother of 3 beautiful children! Different ages, different phases 16 years, 12 years and 7 years. In love with motherhood since always, I found it difficult to make my dreams come true, and also some more after I was already a mother.
Since I imagined myself as a mother, in my thoughts everything seemed to be much easier and simpler than it really was, I expected to get pregnant as soon as I wished, but it wasn’t that simple. The first pregnancy was smooth, but my daughter’s birth was very troubled. Joana was born in 2002 with a weight of 2930kg and 45cm, from a very peaceful cesarean delivery but she had already been born with congenital pneumonia due to a broken bag not treated with antibiotics even before delivery.