When we think about pregnancy and the difficulties in making it happen, we always tend to take responsibility for us women. It is always the woman who goes after exams and more exams and we always talk about this subject. But when it comes to fertility, the couple has to be investigated, since men are responsible for half of what makes a pregnancy happen.
Male or even couple infertility can appear after a while of trying. Usually, doctors ask the couple to wait and try for a year . If after this period the natural pregnancy does not happen, then one begins to go deeper to discover the causes of what may be happening to the couple. There are cases in which the man refuses to have tests, but it is necessary that both are willing for a pregnancy to happen.
The main exam for men is the sperm test. It is possible to find out if everything is fine with sperm, and also to point out possible causes of male infertility.
In the spermogram, the chemical conditions of the semen and some characteristics of the sperm are analyzed. The main characteristics of the sperm that are analyzed are their quantity, mobility and shape . All of these qualities are essential for successful fertilization.
For a pregnancy to happen, the health of the sperm must be good. Some external factors can damage them in several ways, such as lubricants sold in pharmacies. For tentants, there are special lubricants that do not harm sperm, so-called fertility-friendly lubricants. These lubricants play the role of fertile mucus, helping sperm. The only one of these lubricants registered by ANVISA in Brazil is FamiGel , and you can purchase your FamiGel here in our virtual store.
The spermogram is collected by masturbation in a clinic or laboratory. After the semen is collected, it is analyzed to verify the following characteristics:
- Volume and concentration: The amount of semen and sperm per milliliter. It is recommended to stay at more than 20 million.
- Mobility: It is the ability of the sperm to move forward correctly. It is expected that at least 50% will move normally.
- Morphology : The shape of the sperm, including head, body and tail. An ideal total number is about 15% of the total ejaculate. However, for men with a normal sperm count the amount may be less, about 4%.
- Oligospermia : Less than 15 million sperm per milliliter.
- Oligoastenospermia: Mobility and quantities less than ideal.
- Teratospermia: Inadequate sperm morphology.
- Necrospermia: Inactive or dead sperm .
- Leukospermia: Alteration of leukocytes in semen, usually due to some type of infection.
- Azoospermia: Absence of sperm in the semen.
- Astenospermia : Sperm that do not move as they should and are slower.
The acidity of the semen can also be a factor that can harm the life of the sperm. Therefore, the pH must be balanced, both in the semen and in the vaginal canal: so that the sperm is in an ideal environment to advance towards the egg.
All of these problems are treatable and in most cases can be cured with the right medications or procedures . In some severe cases, surgery may be indicated. There is also the possibility of a sperm donation for more severe and extreme cases, as in cases where the man is really sterile. This decision is up to the couple and should be well thought out and discussed.
External factors such as smoking, tight clothing (pants and underwear that are too tight), varicocele , STDs (sexually transmitted diseases such as syphilis and chlamydia) and common infections that are easy to treat can affect sperm. affect male fertility by influencing the main male sex hormone, testosterone.
Sometimes, there are simple solutions like using certain vitamins. An example of vitamin that can help is the vitamin E . In some cases of easy treatment, tribulus terrestris proved to be very useful in the treatment of male infertility. However, all causes must be analyzed individually and with discretion by the doctor who accompanies the couple.
Another extra boost for male fertility is the use of special vitamins to strengthen fertility, such as ViriFerti . In addition to assisting in the intake of vitamins essential for health, it works to strengthen sperm production and seminal quality. Get your ViriFerti male fertility vitamin here in our online store .
Investigating the couple instead of just the woman can shorten a path of suffering and demands regarding pregnancy Suffering without seeking help is not a good idea. If your husband or partner still refuses to have tests to check for the presence of any problem, just show this post to him and the countless diseases that can affect male fertility. It is something more common than you think.
Reader Silvana Chaves and her husband Talles Chaves lived a difficult time when they were looking for the pregnancy of their first child, who is now 1 year old. See a little more about Silvana and her husband:
“We were trying to get pregnant 2 years ago when the doctor suggested that we go into a more in-depth investigation.
Their shape was also quite different from normal as some had 2 tails, others 2 heads, others were flattened and many were dead. The doctor then suggested a treatment with the elimination of cigarettes, alcoholic beverages and taking vitamin E, plus another medication he took every day (I don’t remember the name).
About 3 months later he did the exams again and, to our delight, the results of the exam were much better and the need for in vitro fertilization was ruled out. 4 months after the results and the start of treatment I got pregnant with my son Renan, who just turned 1 year old. Therefore, girls, be sure to seek medical help, the opinion of a good professional can be essential to end the suffering of a couple. “
Investigating is the key word to detect male infertility, so man’s complicity in pregnancy is very important. Remember, hormonal tests for men are also welcome. In addition to the urologist, your gynecologist can also order tests for the man in cases of suspected problem.
Hope this helps!
See also: Methods for getting pregnant part 1
My name is Dr. Alexis Hart I am 38 years old, I am the mother of 3 beautiful children! Different ages, different phases 16 years, 12 years and 7 years. In love with motherhood since always, I found it difficult to make my dreams come true, and also some more after I was already a mother.
Since I imagined myself as a mother, in my thoughts everything seemed to be much easier and simpler than it really was, I expected to get pregnant as soon as I wished, but it wasn’t that simple. The first pregnancy was smooth, but my daughter’s birth was very troubled. Joana was born in 2002 with a weight of 2930kg and 45cm, from a very peaceful cesarean delivery but she had already been born with congenital pneumonia due to a broken bag not treated with antibiotics even before delivery.