Known as respiratory diseases are all diseases related to the human respiratory system, such as lungs, trachea, nose, mouth, throat, pharynx and larynx. The respiratory system is one of the most sensitive devices in the human body and respiratory diseases appear in the top 10 causes of death in the world, because through breathing we are in direct contact with all types of microorganisms, some causing several serious diseases, others not so worrisome as well as a simple flu or cold.
Some respiratory diseases or better known as respiratory allergy, such as rhinitis, asthma, allergic bronchitis are more common than we think and are caused by aeroallergenic agents, such as dust, cigarette smoke, smell of perfumes, cleaning products, animal hair, pollens of plants and etc.
Respiratory Allergies – Symptoms
- Excessive itchy eyes, nose, throat and sometimes skin
- Watery eyes
- Nasal congestion
- Headache (severe headaches)
Some symptoms such as sneezing, runny nose and cough can easily be confused with other illnesses such as the flu that has the same symptoms and a simple cold. The only difference between them is the period in which they are present. Symptoms of respiratory diseases such as allergies, for example, tend to linger longer than a simple cold.
How to Prevent Respiratory Illness
- Avoid carpets and curtains in rooms or use products with mites for cleaning
- Mattresses and pillows should be covered with anti-dust mite protectors and changed frequently
- No smoking inside the residence
The house must be regularly ventilated and ventilated, in order not to facilitate the proliferation of mold and mites in the environment, and the use of a vacuum cleaner is recommended and to clean the furniture use a damp cloth, so that the dust does not rise in the air causing a allergic crisis. Respiratory allergies have no cure, but there is control and prevention for the contact of the causing allergens, and the best way is to stay away from them.
Major Respiratory Diseases
COPD – (Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease) Irreversible chronic disease that affects the lungs, very common in patients who have already had tuberculosis and the vast majority of men. Its main cause is smoking, genetic factors or overexposure of chemical components in the long term.
Chronic Bronchitis: Inflammation in the bronchi that mostly begins after years of contact with tobacco, excessive pollution and other irritating factors, with more cases found in female patients.
Pulmonary Emphysema: A chronic disease that gradually destroys lung tissues. Its main cause is the prolonged use of tobacco or toxic chemicals.
Also known as asthmatic bronchitis or bronchial asthma, it is an inflammation of the airways, which leads to decreased airflow. Its cause is due to genetic factors and it manifests itself through crises of severe shortness of breath.
Lung cancer: Malignant tumor that is treated when diagnosed earlier, its prognosis is related to the diagnosis phase. Its major cause is smoking and contact with certain chemicals such as: chromium, vinyl chloride, radon, nickel, arsenic, among others found in occupational environments. We can also relate this disease to dietary people, with a history of COPD, with genetic problems or who have cases in the family.
As any respiratory disease can impair the patient’s common life, pulmonary physiotherapy is recommended especially in patients with COPD. The earlier the onset, the less the deleterious effects of bronchial obstruction, as it will increase and provide an improvement in pulmonary ventilation, benefiting the patient’s life and quality of life. Bearing in mind that, physiotherapy and all post-rehabilitation help must have psychological support, which will be essential for the patient’s life.
See also: Reflux in Newborn – How to Diagnose and Treat
My name is Dr. Alexis Hart I am 38 years old, I am the mother of 3 beautiful children! Different ages, different phases 16 years, 12 years and 7 years. In love with motherhood since always, I found it difficult to make my dreams come true, and also some more after I was already a mother.
Since I imagined myself as a mother, in my thoughts everything seemed to be much easier and simpler than it really was, I expected to get pregnant as soon as I wished, but it wasn’t that simple. The first pregnancy was smooth, but my daughter’s birth was very troubled. Joana was born in 2002 with a weight of 2930kg and 45cm, from a very peaceful cesarean delivery but she had already been born with congenital pneumonia due to a broken bag not treated with antibiotics even before delivery.