One of the biggest fears in the world of women is to find a dreaded lump in the breast at any stage of life. Normally women touch and do the self-examination during the bath and the change of clothes and in this way they get to know each other and if they find something different when feeling, they can immediately seek a doctor.
The lump in the breast is a tissue that grows and develops inside the woman’s breast, looking like a lump, and can be noticed by the shape and difference from one breast to another and by the touch. What we women should be aware of is that not every lump in the breast means that we have cancer, there are benign nodules and in most cases they are to be alarmed. Normally benign sinus nodules are easy to treat cysts or fibroadenoma and should not be of major concern, but must be properly treated and monitored by a specialist doctor.
Malignant sinus nodules have certain characteristics and usually occur in women who already have a family history of breast cancer , especially in first-degree relatives such as mother and sisters. If any difference is noted in the breast, the specialist to be sought for evaluation is a mastologist. In addition to being palpated during the consultation to verify the real need for complementary tests, the doctor may request a breast ultrasound or a mammogram. Through these complementary exams, you will be able to assess whether it is a nodule in the benign or malignant sinus to indicate the appropriate treatment for the case.
The Main Causes of the Breast Lump
Throughout the woman’s life it is possible to notice nodules in the breast at some stage, due to hormonal variation mainly around the date of menstruation, but these causes have specific names and different treatments.
Cyst in the breast – Cysts usually appear in women over the age of 40 and are entering menopause. These are breast changes that must be evaluated by a specialist, but in 95% of cases, they do not need adequate treatment, as they can rarely become breast cancer.
Fibroadenoma – Fibroadenoma is a benign tumor that usually affects younger women, rarely turns into cancer, so you should not have specific care and only follow a treatment if indicated by the specialist.
Fibrocystic changes – These changes usually happen around the menstrual period and do not require any treatment, as they disappear on their own.
Breast injuries – Nodules may appear in the breast that are considered breast lesions and are resolved following treatment with drugs indicated by the specialist.
Another very recurrent problem in mastologists’ offices is that of lipoma, which is the result of an accumulation of fat in the breast, it is not considered a serious problem, but it requires surgery to remove the tissue. And when all the hypotheses are discarded, breast cancer can be diagnosed , which has a characteristic hard lump that appears in the breast and does not disappear after menstruation as in the case of fibrocystic changes.
The most frequent cases occur in women over the age of 50 and already in the menopause stage, they are usually malignant breast nodules, but must be followed up by a mastologist. The lump can cause breast pain, excessive breast enlargement and enlarged lumps during the menstrual period . The presence of liquid coming out of the nozzles can also be seen in addition to blood, and all these signs must be reported during the consultation with the mastologist.
Other very obvious signs of breast cancer are underarm swelling, redness and changes in breast temperature in addition to excessive sensitivity accompanied by itching. The presence of these symptoms does not mean that the woman is a common lump in the cancerous sinus, but it can be a sign of a hormonal change or inflammation that must be treated. Remembering that the breast nodule does not appear only in women, it can also appear in men. Symptoms are similar to those of women and if you notice any change in the nipple, the mastologist should be sought immediately.
See also: Pink October – Breast Cancer Prevention
My name is Dr. Alexis Hart I am 38 years old, I am the mother of 3 beautiful children! Different ages, different phases 16 years, 12 years and 7 years. In love with motherhood since always, I found it difficult to make my dreams come true, and also some more after I was already a mother.
Since I imagined myself as a mother, in my thoughts everything seemed to be much easier and simpler than it really was, I expected to get pregnant as soon as I wished, but it wasn’t that simple. The first pregnancy was smooth, but my daughter’s birth was very troubled. Joana was born in 2002 with a weight of 2930kg and 45cm, from a very peaceful cesarean delivery but she had already been born with congenital pneumonia due to a broken bag not treated with antibiotics even before delivery.