One of Organs most well-known and most important organs in a woman’s body is undoubtedly the uterus. It is there that the pregnancy takes place, that the child is formed and that is where he leaves to enter the world. But it is not a simple task to explain exactly what an organ that performs so many important functions is.
To know this, it is necessary to understand how it is formed in a woman’s body, when it reaches its maturity, when it is ready to function and how it behaves during adulthood.
In addition, it is also important to know what are the main diseases that can affect this organ and what complications they can bring. With so many complexities, it is not possible to explain what a uterus is in just one or two sentences. And that is exactly why we are going to talk about each of the aspects mentioned here.
What are the Parts of the Uterus?
The uterus consists of three main parts, the body, the cervix and the fallopian tubes.
- Body of the uterus: It is the most dilated part of the uterus and also known as the fundus of the uterus.
- Cervix: It is also known as Cervix and is found in the narrowest part of the body of the uterus, on the other side is the vagina. Between the cervix and the body there is a very narrow path that connects the two parts, called the isthmus of the uterus.
- Uterine tubes: Or the two fallopian tubes are attached to the upper part of the cervix, one on each side.
Thus, the tissues lining the uterus are also divided, being the perimeter, myometrium and endometrium.
To know what a uterus is and its functions, it is necessary to understand that this organ is directly related to the entire gestational cycle of mammals, so its main function is to shelter the fetus throughout pregnancy and development and in the end becomes responsible for expel the baby through contractions.
It is in the uterus that all the components necessary to generate a pregnancy are produced, as is the case with eggs and female hormones such as progesterone, responsible for preparing the endometrium to receive the fetus, both produced by the ovaries.
It is important to realize that the uterus works monthly to generate a new egg to be fertilized and when this does not happen, menstruation occurs . Everything that happens inside is so that the woman’s body is ready for a pregnancy.
Before we talk about the position of the uterus it is necessary to understand that this is not a fixed organ, in fact it is sustained and maintained in its position due to some pairs of flexible ligaments, so it is common that throughout life the position of the uterus change .
To know the position you are in, a vaginal examination is enough and an image examination is more accurate. There are three possible positions: uterus in medioversion, retroversion and anteversoflexion.
All are considered normal by doctors, but in some cases, when there is a change in position, it may be related to some problems such as infertility. Below we will explain each one better:
- Medioversion uterus (MVF): Many women have a medioverted uterus, in which case the uterus is simply in the middle position.
- Anteversoflexion uterus (AVF): Also known as an anteversed uterus and is the most common among women. In this case, what happens is that the uterus is tilted forward, that is, with the uterine body over the bladder.
- Uterus in retroversion (RVF): The number of women who have the retroverted uterus is smaller, in this position the uterus is tilted backwards, towards the rectum.
Although all of these positions are considered normal, in some cases attention is needed, such as the retroverted uterus. Many women can keep the organ in this position due to infections and inflammations in the genital region and when left untreated it can compromise the uterine region causing even infertility.
Knowing the position of the uterus is very important, so when there is a change of position you will know and have a better chance of discovering a possible problem in advance, in addition it is also important when the woman seeks to perform some procedures such as the insertion of IUD .
Major Diseases in the Uterus
The uterus region can present several diseases, so it is very important to be aware of any possible symptoms such as bleeding outside the cycle and severe pain in the abdominal region. If you notice anything strange, see a doctor. Among the main diseases of the uterus are fibroids , polyps, the retroverted uterus , endometriosis and uterine cancer .
Fibroids are benign and very common tumors among women, especially in younger women with black skin. Although the cause of the development of fibroids is not known in some cases they are related to the imbalance in female hormones .
In this way the fibroid can arise (one or several), grow and decrease on its own. Symptoms include heavy menstruation, constipation and pain during intercourse.
The polyps are balls that extend from hormonal changes in the uterine wall, although benign and can become malignant. They usually appear in women who are in menopause , but it also occurs in younger women.
Depending on their development and size, polyps can make pregnancy difficult. Among the main symptoms are irregular menstruation and bleeding after intercourse.
As we mentioned above, the retroverted uterus is not always a problem, sometimes it is just the position of the woman’s uterus, but in some cases and when there is a change of position, the retroverted uterus can be a problem.
Usually caused by infections , inflammations and fibroids. The symptoms of this change in position are not as severe, but some women may experience back pain during intercourse, during bowel movement and urination.
Endometriosis is the presence of the endometrium in other organs of the body, such as ovaries, tubes and bladder. It is a very common disease among women of all ages and it can start right after the first menstruation.
In many cases it can cause infertility. Symptoms include pain during menstruation, intense and long-lasting cramps, diarrhea and fatigue.
Cancer of the cervix is difficult to diagnose and is usually discovered in the more advanced stages of the disease, since at the beginning it does not show many symptoms. In that case you need to be up to date with the gynecological exams and if you have any of the symptoms, see a doctor, among them are pain during sexual intercourse, heavy menstruation, discomfort in the perineum region and smelly vaginal discharge.
How to Prevent Diseases in the Uterus?
As it was possible to perceive all the main symptoms are very similar and often common among women. To prevent diseases of the uterus, it is necessary to visit a gynecologist frequently , once or twice a year, and always do all tests for control and analysis of the reproductive system. If any strange symptoms appear do not ignore and seek medical attention.
Knowing how your body works is extremely important not only to know how to avoid certain diseases and have a healthier life, but also to know yourself more. Understanding what the functions of each organ are is necessary for women , not least because their reproductive system is much more complex than that of men, with much more nuances and possible problems to be solved.
Now that you know exactly what a uterus is, its main functions and how it works, be sure to visit a doctor regularly and do the necessary tests to keep your health up to date. Prevention is always better than cure.
My name is Dr. Alexis Hart I am 38 years old, I am the mother of 3 beautiful children! Different ages, different phases 16 years, 12 years and 7 years. In love with motherhood since always, I found it difficult to make my dreams come true, and also some more after I was already a mother.
Since I imagined myself as a mother, in my thoughts everything seemed to be much easier and simpler than it really was, I expected to get pregnant as soon as I wished, but it wasn’t that simple. The first pregnancy was smooth, but my daughter’s birth was very troubled. Joana was born in 2002 with a weight of 2930kg and 45cm, from a very peaceful cesarean delivery but she had already been born with congenital pneumonia due to a broken bag not treated with antibiotics even before delivery.