Yellow Fever: Main Symptoms and Treatments

From time to time Brazil suffers from some type of disease caused by mosquito bites. The dengue has long been the protagonist of this suffering, especially by the rapid proliferation Aedes aegypti mosquitoes that have and the lack of informing the general public about the fight against mosquitoes, now is the time of yellow fever.

The subject that has taken over several parts of Brazil in recent times, yellow fever is a disease transmitted in a wild manner by mosquitoes of the genera Haemagogus and Sabethes. The disease can also be transmitted by Aedes Aegypt, but in this case it is called urban yellow fever. There has been no case of this second type of yellow fever in Brazil since 1942.

Although it is a dangerous disease, many people end up not being properly informed about yellow fever and end up making some mistakes when trying to prevent themselves. There is a lot of information that people need to assimilate at a time when many are afraid. Therefore, we have separated the main information about yellow fever so that you understand what it is, what the real dangers are and how it is treated.

What is Yellow Fever?

Yellow fever is an acute infectious disease, which occurs in regions of South America, Central America and also in some countries of the African continent. It gets its name exactly because of the color of the body of the person who is infected, which turns yellow, in addition to bleeding to varying degrees. The disease usually lasts 10 days and can be fatal if it is not treated in time.

It is important to note that yellow fever is not contagious either from person to person or from monkeys to people, as monkeys are often targets of mosquitoes. Because of the dangers it brings with it, yellow fever is a disease that causes a lot of fear in people, but that has a cure and that can even affect only mildly.

Symptoms of Yellow Fever

Symptoms of yellow fever occur shortly after infection, but may appear mildly and weakly. The first symptoms usually experienced are:

  • Fever and Chills
  • Nausea and Vomiting
  • Severe Headaches
  • Weakness
  • Tiredness
  • Muscle aches
  • Jaundice (yellowing of the body and eyes)

When the disease is in its most severe form, it usually presents other symptoms such as:

  • Jaundice (also appears at this stage)
  • Intense tiredness
  • Bleeding
  • Liver failure
  • Renal insufficiency

The severity of each disease can vary widely from person to person, depending on several factors.

Yellow Fever Treatment

There is no specific treatment for the disease, as there is no medicine to destroy the yellow fever virus (RNA virus). However, there are medical recommendations for the person who is infected. They are:

  • Remain at rest in a hospital environment
  • Stay hydrated
  • Remedies that balance blood pressure
  • Remedies to relieve symptoms such as fever and body aches

The patient must remain under medical care and in a hospital environment so that doctors are sure that the disease will not bring any other complications. Keeping the patient hydrated and using some medications usually solves the problem, but in very severe cases where the disease ends up causing kidney failure, it is necessary to have dialysis and blood transfusions.

Who Needs to Get the Yellow Fever Vaccine?

All people who live in high -risk areas , that is, in forest areas, and who live in countries where yellow fever can occur should get the vaccine. People who will travel to these areas must also get the vaccine about 10 days before the trip, which is the time it takes for the vaccine to have its full effect.

You also need to be on the alert when there are government campaigns and understand whether your region has become a risky area or not. In this case, exceptions are made for the vaccine to be taken. It is also important to be aware of the contraindications, people who are contraindicated as elderly people or people who are allergic to eggs, for example, can suffer serious consequences when taking the vaccine.

The vaccine is the only way to completely prevent yellow fever. Normally, a single dose of the vaccine guarantees immunity for life , but in times of campaign, health centers can offer fractional doses, which last between 8 and 10 years.

Consequences of Yellow Fever

It is not for nothing that yellow fever causes so much fear in so many people, as it can have very serious consequences in some cases. They range from serious liver and kidney problems, which can make a person need hemodialysis, even death, depending on the severity, the type of treatment or even the lack of it.

Yellow fever is a disease that exists in countries like Brazil and, even though it often seems controlled, there are times when it affects more people than we expect. But still, it is an easy disease to be prevented and it can be cured many times, but for that to happen, the population of a place needs to be attentive and understand how the vaccination process is, in addition to also knowing when a person you have yellow fever and not with the symptoms of another similar disease.

Of course, it is a frightening disease, but yellow fever can be controlled, as history has shown us. So, follow the correct instructions to get the vaccine (only if you really need it) and pay attention to the contraindications.

See Also: Is Vaccine Reaction Normal?

Dr. Alexis Hart
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My name is Dr. Alexis Hart I am 38 years old, I am the mother of 3 beautiful children! Different ages, different phases 16 years, 12 years and 7 years. In love with motherhood since always, I found it difficult to make my dreams come true, and also some more after I was already a mother.

Since I imagined myself as a mother, in my thoughts everything seemed to be much easier and simpler than it really was, I expected to get pregnant as soon as I wished, but it wasn’t that simple. The first pregnancy was smooth, but my daughter’s birth was very troubled. Joana was born in 2002 with a weight of 2930kg and 45cm, from a very peaceful cesarean delivery but she had already been born with congenital pneumonia due to a broken bag not treated with antibiotics even before delivery.

Dr. Alexis Hart

My name is Dr. Alexis Hart I am 38 years old, I am the mother of 3 beautiful children! Different ages, different phases 16 years, 12 years and 7 years. In love with motherhood since always, I found it difficult to make my dreams come true, and also some more after I was already a mother.Since I imagined myself as a mother, in my thoughts everything seemed to be much easier and simpler than it really was, I expected to get pregnant as soon as I wished, but it wasn’t that simple. The first pregnancy was smooth, but my daughter’s birth was very troubled. Joana was born in 2002 with a weight of 2930kg and 45cm, from a very peaceful cesarean delivery but she had already been born with congenital pneumonia due to a broken bag not treated with antibiotics even before delivery.

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