It is through the blood test that it is possible to detect the existence of a series of diseases caused by bacteria, viruses and so many other agents. Through this examination, the obstetrician assesses, right in the first prenatal consultations , if the pregnant woman’s health is complete and if she is able to pass to the fetus all the nutrients necessary for her development, as is the case of the evaluation of anisocytosis. .
What is anisocytosis
Different analyzes are made on the same blood sample, and a common finding during pregnancy is the presence of anisocytosis, which is the existence of red blood cells of different sizes in this single sample, usually indicating anemia or the presence of some other chemicals in the blood that can affect the baby.
During pregnancy the woman’s body already works differently, produces substances in larger quantities, after all it needs to meet the needs of the mother and baby and naturally the blood test references are different than the references of anyone else.
Anisocytosis in Pregnancy
Anisocytosis in pregnancy is common to be found in the blood test at the beginning of prenatal care, indicated as some forms of anemia as well as other blood diseases where the cells are larger and uneven in size , detected in the same blood sample.
During pregnancy, there is a greater production of erythrocytes to meet the needs of blood volume for the uterus, placenta and fetus, and this is usually where anisocytosis is found.
This red blood cell failure is common in several types of anemia such as hemolytic anemia , iron deficiency anemia, pernicious anemia, sickle cell anemia and anemia due to folic acid deficiency, as it also occurs as a consequence of several factors such as alcohol abuse or chemicals known as erythropoietin .
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Symptoms of Anisocytosis
Anisocytosis, as it is just a “factor” that indicates something wrong with your body, cannot be treated directly. It can be said that anisocytosis is more a symptom of other diseases than a disease in itself .
There are some signs that can mean some imbalance in the blood. Be aware if you identify any of these symptoms and always talk to your doctor so that he can assess whether a more detailed examination is necessary.
- Chest pain
- Difficulty breathing
- Lack of appetite
- Cold Feeling
- Memory loss
- Muscle pain
When anisocytosis occurs due to anemia, it means that there is a problem in the red blood cells. As they are responsible for the transport of oxygen through the blood , if there is any change it will not transport all the necessary oxygen. Hence symptoms such as vertigo (especially when getting up), headaches, dizziness and especially difficulty in breathing.
Causes of Anisocytosis
It is necessary to identify the cause for proper treatment to be carried out. If there is any change in blood tests and if anisocytosis is identified, only the doctor will be able to diagnose the causes and recommend how to treat it.
The anisocytosis may be due to some types of anemia, some deficiency of vitamins and minerals in our body or caused by cancer . Diseases where the same cells present themselves in different and variable measures.
If it is caused by the low concentration of red blood cells, heart problems can occur, because if there are not enough red blood cells to transport hemoglobin, the heart will have to work harder. Overloaded can cause murmurs, arrhythmias, changes in heart size (enlargement) and even heart failure.
The vitamin B12, vitamin A and iron are very important for the proper functioning of our body, they are necessary to make our body to function properly and are also the ones who help in the production of red blood cells and the famous red blood cells, and is exactly the lack of them in our body that can cause anisocytosis.
When anisocytosis is detected, it is very important to analyze in detail the changes identified in the blood , so that they are classified into one of three types: mild, moderate and severe.
Types of Anisocytose
Anisocytosis is represented by three degrees of severity . Discrete anisocytosis, when the content of the change in the size of blood cells is within 25% of its concentration (this case is represented by “+”).
Moderate anisocytosis or “++”, which occurs when the increase in the content of blood cells is modified by up to 50% and also marked anisocytosis, represented by “+++” when the number of modified blood cells is greater than the healthy cell composition ”(75%) and still accompanied by severe clinical manifestations , and by“ ++++ ”when accompanied by a complete replacement of normal blood cells with modified ones, but don’t be alarmed, extreme cases like this are very rare.
Another type of anisocytosis that can be identified in pregnant women by blood tests during prenatal care is platelet or also called thrombocytopenia and thrombocytopenia .
This type of anisocytosis occurs when there is a change in the number of platelets in the blood. The concentration of these platelets decreases and as it is these cells that clot the blood in our body, it is so important that they are in balance.
Platelet anisocytosis causes problems with clotting, since platelets are very important elements in this process. It can be both hereditary and can also be acquired throughout life.
Finally, classifying anisocytosis as a serious condition that requires greater concern depends a lot on which disease is actually causing these changes in blood cells. As we have already said, it can be motivated by anemia of various types, lack of vitamins or cancer, in fact diseases of very different degrees of severity.
Finding Anisocytosis indicates that something is not right, but don’t try to decode your exams on your own and be desperate with these complex names. See your doctor so that he can diagnose the cause and recommend the appropriate treatment.
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See Also: Anemia in Pregnancy – Things Every Pregnant Woman Should Know
My name is Dr. Alexis Hart I am 38 years old, I am the mother of 3 beautiful children! Different ages, different phases 16 years, 12 years and 7 years. In love with motherhood since always, I found it difficult to make my dreams come true, and also some more after I was already a mother.
Since I imagined myself as a mother, in my thoughts everything seemed to be much easier and simpler than it really was, I expected to get pregnant as soon as I wished, but it wasn’t that simple. The first pregnancy was smooth, but my daughter’s birth was very troubled. Joana was born in 2002 with a weight of 2930kg and 45cm, from a very peaceful cesarean delivery but she had already been born with congenital pneumonia due to a broken bag not treated with antibiotics even before delivery.