Among all the existing diseases, cancer is perhaps the most feared by many of us. This occurs for several reasons. First of all, the fact that it is a very lethal disease even today makes us all afraid to develop any type. In fact, the fact that there are several different cancers is another factor that makes the disease so feared. Finally, it is important to remember that the causes of cancer can be the most varied. Today we are going to talk about a specific type, the cancer of guarantee , explain deeply what are its causes, consequences and treatments. Do you want to know more about it? Check it out now!
What is Throat Cancer?
First of all, it is important to define what cancer is so that you can better understand what throat cancer is and why it develops. Basically, a cancer is a disease characterized by the abnormal growth of cells in a specific tissue in the human body. Such growth ends up causing these cells to attack other tissues and destroy them, generating several serious consequences, including death. It is a much more common disease in men, although it can affect both sexes.
Throat cancer, therefore, is characterized by the abnormal growth of cells in a person’s throat. The disease can affect both the pharynx and the larynx and is usually an aggressive type of cancer, since the throat is a fundamental part of the body for both breathing and eating.
Throat Cancer Symptoms
The symptoms of throat cancer can be quite diverse precisely because there are food and airways in our throats. However, it is possible to make a list of the most common symptoms that occur in both cases. They are:
- Changes in voice (hoarseness)
- Constant pains in the throat
- Difficulty breathing
- Weight loss
- Persistent bad breath
- Difficulty swallowing
- Swelling in the jaw
- Persistent cough
- Lumps on the neck
- Sore throat that doesn’t heal
Throat cancer can arise from several causes and, for that reason, it is important to be aware of wanted are the main risk factors. They are:
- Family history of the disease
- Genetic factors
- My hygiene bucal
- Excessive alcohol consumption
- HPV virus
- Being over 65
- Long exposure to wood dust and chemicals
If you fit into one or more of these factors, it is important to have tests constantly and seek to improve your lifestyle to prevent throat cancer and avoid major complications.
How is the Diagnosis done?
The diagnosis of throat cancer is made through an observation of all symptoms by an otolaryngologist. Once there is a suspicion that this
problem may be involved , the doctor may have you undergo a laryngoscopy and X-rays or CT scans to identify whether or not there is a malignant tumor.
As with all types of cancer, the earlier it is diagnosed, the greater the chances of a cure. Therefore, if you are part of the risk group and you experience any symptoms, it is important to see a doctor as soon as possible so that you can be treated.
Throat Cancer Treatment
The treatment of throat cancer can occur in several ways, depending on the stage at which the disease is. The method most used by doctors is surgery that aims to remove only a small part of the organ where the tumor is located. Depending on its size, there can be consequences, such as changes and even the loss of voice in more severe cases, as the vocal folds can be seriously affected by this type of cancer.
There are also cases in which the patient must undergo sessions of chemotherapy or radiotherapy after surgery to eliminate cells that could not be taken otherwise. It is a painful process, but it tends to work well when done early and in the right way.
Consequences of Throat Cancer
Throat cancer can be cured, but it can have several consequences on a person’s body and life, especially if the disease is not treated in time. The most devastating of these is the complete destruction of the throat tissues, which ultimately results in death.
Others are related to speech and swallowing, largely because of the very invasive treatments . If a person suffers from these consequences, they must undergo a rehabilitation process. Nowadays there are already several treatments so that a person can recover his speech and live a relatively normal life even with these sequelae.
Throat cancer is, without a doubt, a disease that generates a lot of fear and fear when we hear about it. However, the good news is that the disease is not only curable, it can also be easily treated, especially when it is discovered in its onset. Therefore, if you are part of any type of risk group, it is important to visit a doctor regularly and take all necessary precautions to prevent throat cancer. Of course, we are all frightened by that name, but the fight against the disease must be even more intense .
My name is Dr. Alexis Hart I am 38 years old, I am the mother of 3 beautiful children! Different ages, different phases 16 years, 12 years and 7 years. In love with motherhood since always, I found it difficult to make my dreams come true, and also some more after I was already a mother.
Since I imagined myself as a mother, in my thoughts everything seemed to be much easier and simpler than it really was, I expected to get pregnant as soon as I wished, but it wasn’t that simple. The first pregnancy was smooth, but my daughter’s birth was very troubled. Joana was born in 2002 with a weight of 2930kg and 45cm, from a very peaceful cesarean delivery but she had already been born with congenital pneumonia due to a broken bag not treated with antibiotics even before delivery.