It is very common to hear that pregnancy is not a disease, referring to the excess of caution of some women and even family members around the pregnant woman. And this is true, but we cannot fail to affirm that the gestational phase is a delicate phase, which deserves special care and especially increased attention to any different symptom or sign. Externally everything can be beautiful, apparently well and everything flowing as it should be, but in gestational development , how to identify that something is wrong? In this article we will talk about a silent problem of pregnancy and that causes a lot of fear and doubts at that moment, placental thrombosis.
What is Placental Thrombosis?
Placental thrombosis is the name of the clot that can arise within the veins or arteries of the placenta , which makes it difficult for nutrients and oxygen to pass to the developing fetus. As it is an internal problem, there is no way to predict and much less imagine that it is happening, except for the reduction or interruption of fetal movements , which can serve as an alert for the mother to seek her obstetrician or emergency care immediately and perform an ultrasound for verification .
Placental thrombosis is a condition considered serious and rare to occur , so when it is found it causes concern in the obstetrician who is doing prenatal care . Depending on the severity and gestational time may be an indication of a \ emergency, since the time is not checked, may lead to fetal death.
The occurrence of placental thrombosis is more likely in women who already suffer from a problem with blood circulation, have thrombophilia or the famous condition of “thick blood” that strongly contributes to the occurrence of clogged veins.
Prevention of Placental Thrombosis
In some cases, unfortunately, it is impossible to predict the occurrence of placental thrombosis, but the best precaution is to keep evaluative exams up to date, especially if there are family members with blood circulation problems, are overweight or are diabetic, which are the greater indications of the cause. If the condition is found, when pregnant, it is necessary for the woman to follow some essential precautions such as control and specialized medical monitoring, the use of elastic stockings that assist in blood circulation and regular physical activities.
Treatment of Placental Thrombosis
After finding placental thrombosis, it is essential to start treatment based on anticoagulants such as heparin . This type of medicine serves to keep the blood in tune and prevent new thrombi from forming inside the veins, preventing the passage of nutrients and oxygen to the developing fetus . Other recommendations given by obstetricians in these cases are:
- Use elastic compression stockings;
- Avoid sitting or sitting in the same position for a long time;
- Avoid standing cross-legged;
- Avoid travel by plane;
- Do not eat very fatty foods such as fried foods and sausages;
- Include foods rich in vitamin E in the food menu
These are the basic and indispensable care for every pregnant woman who is diagnosed with placental thrombosis. In more serious cases, where the interruption of the passage of nutrients and oxygen is affecting the baby in a way that causes life risks, the hospitalization of the pregnant woman may be necessary for a more specific monitoring and constant risk assessment. When pregnancy is more than 24 weeks , the baby’s chances of survival are great , since a premature birth can be indicated at any time.
The anticoagulant indicated by the obstetrician must be injected subcutaneously in the abdomen region (close to the navel), inside the arm or inside the thigh. They are not painful injections , but as they need to be applied daily they end up becoming a little uncomfortable, but every effort is worth for the most precious asset of the couple’s life. In fact, some couples to alleviate the woman’s discomfort of self-application and make the father actively participate in this moment too, are responsible for the daily applications.
With the pregnant woman receiving the proper monitoring and making the daily application, the expectation is that the mother and baby will be well and the pregnancy will remain calm until the end, on the day of delivery . Many couples, after the birth of their babies, monthly celebrate the baby’s “mesversário” close to all the injections given during the pregnancy, in celebration of the victory. These records are given the name on the social networks of the popular “mincemeat of love” , which is all effort for them, the children. Love overcomes pain!
Is Placental Thrombosis the Same as Umbilical Thrombosis?
Placental thrombosis and umbilical thrombosis cause the same problem in pregnancy, which prevents the passage of nutrients and oxygen to the developing fetus. Its only difference is the location of the clot, which when it comes to the placenta is located in the veins and arteries of the placenta and when it is umbilical, it is found in the area of the umbilical cord vessels .
The diagnosis of both scares, especially for those who are unaware that they have the problem and will need this treatment so rigorous to be able to reach the end with
pregnancy. But the success rates of the treatment, when well accompanied by a specialist is very high, so, follow confident and follow all medical instructions , everything will be fine!
Other Types of Thrombosis
Thrombosis is characterized by the appearance of clots within the veins and arteries, preventing blood circulation, which causes severe pain and a lot of swelling. This problem is not common only during pregnancy, even though it is at greater risk, as it may affect fetal development. Thrombosis can affect people of both sexes and in all age groups, being more prevalent in people who already suffer from varicose veins, who are lying or sitting for long periods, who take hormones as contraceptives or even afterwards some surgical procedures.
Thrombosis deserves urgent medical attention, as there is a risk of movement of this clot through the bloodstream, where it can lodge in organs such as the brain, generating a cerebral thrombosis or in the lungs causing a pulmonary embolism, which, if not treated in time, can lead the patient to death.
In case of swelling in the legs and arms and any other symptom that indicates the presence of thrombosis, seek immediate attention immediately. Through exams such as ultrasound and tomography it is possible to detect the presence of the clot and start treatment with anticoagulants that will act directly on the clots.
My name is Dr. Alexis Hart I am 38 years old, I am the mother of 3 beautiful children! Different ages, different phases 16 years, 12 years and 7 years. In love with motherhood since always, I found it difficult to make my dreams come true, and also some more after I was already a mother.
Since I imagined myself as a mother, in my thoughts everything seemed to be much easier and simpler than it really was, I expected to get pregnant as soon as I wished, but it wasn’t that simple. The first pregnancy was smooth, but my daughter’s birth was very troubled. Joana was born in 2002 with a weight of 2930kg and 45cm, from a very peaceful cesarean delivery but she had already been born with congenital pneumonia due to a broken bag not treated with antibiotics even before delivery.