Understanding about ovulation is not a subject of temptation, understanding about the functioning of the body itself is the subject of an intelligent, modern and caring woman. Knowing how your body works and understanding the signs of each change during the menstrual cycle, greatly helps women both to get pregnant more easily, and to prevent it.
What is Ovulation?
Ovulation is the name of one of the phases of the menstrual cycle , a phase that is extremely important for the continuity of life. It is at this moment that the egg is released by the ovaries in order to be fertilized by a sperm and to be able to generate an embryo.
This phase of the cycle occurs in the long awaited fertile period , which is the most prone time to get pregnant. When this released egg is not fertilized, the process of desquamation of the uterine walls begins and menstruation occurs .
How to Know the Right Ovulation Day?
As we have already mentioned, ovulation occurs in the fertile period and the count can vary depending on the durability of the woman’s cycle. For example, considering that the woman has a regulated cycle of 28 days , her fertile period will occur on the 14th day (half of the cycle).
As the organism can undergo natural changes due to hormonal variations, instead of being considered that 14th day, the only fertile day, we consider the 3 days before and 3 days after, the most probable of the fertile week.
However, we do not need to be connected only on dates in the calendar, it is possible to follow through the body changes if ovulation is about to occur or indeed is happening.
The functioning of the female body is something so extraordinary that on a monthly basis, with each menstrual cycle, the body adapts itself to the resumption of the cycle, the preparation to receive an embryo and all its elimination to begin the whole process again.
And to receive this embryo, the body also prepares itself, to facilitate the arrival of the sperm, through vaginal moisture and secretion . This is one of the symptoms of ovulation and that the woman can easily observe.
The presence of a white, gooey-looking vaginal mucus is the famous sign of ovulation to help sperm reach the mature egg. With these changes, the libido also becomes higher and allowing sexual intercourse to be even more pleasurable.
Other common symptoms of women reporting during the ovulation phase, are small stitches on the side of the belly, as if it were a small colic. This discomfort is related to the moment of the rupture of the mature egg and the sensitivity of women to feel that exact moment.
IMPORTANT: Ovulation pain usually lasts for a few minutes or hours and does not occur in all cycles.
How does ovulation occur?
The ovulation process occurs only once in each menstrual cycle . When that moment approaches, the hormone estrogen increases its production, which guarantees the strengthening and strengthening of the lining of the inner walls of the uterus, in preparation to house a future embryo that will be developed.
This increase in estrogen causes an increase in another hormone, the LH (luteinizing) hormone that will be responsible for releasing the mature egg. The life span of this mature egg is up to 24 hours and if not fertilized within this period it is expelled together with the uterine lining, during menstruation, where a new cycle will begin.
As the human body is not a machine, unexpected changes are possible, especially in the case of hormonal disruptions. And, what many women are unaware of is that it is possible, yes, to occur a late ovulation.
Which guarantees a consistent explanation for women who guarantee that they became pregnant outside the fertile period , when in fact they were ovulating, only too late. Even women with over-regulated menstrual cycle, this situation can occur, due to hormonal variation.
Through this information, we guarantee that the use of the menstrual table is not safe as a contraceptive method, since it is possible for variations in the cycle to occur and for late ovulation to occur.
For those who are trying to get pregnant and want to be sure of ovulation to make the most of training, the best way is ovulation tests, in addition to being aware of the signs that the body gives.
The ovulation tests were developed in order to help women to confirm their ovulatory period, ensuring better accuracy and increasing the chances of getting pregnant faster.
Ovulation tests are small strips, similar to pharmacy pregnancy tests. Through a small urine sample, preferably collected in the late afternoon, the sensitive tip of the ovulation test can detect the levels of the LH (luteinizing) hormone in the urine, informing the approach of ovulation or if it is occurring.
To facilitate the use of the ovulation test, if the woman knows her menstrual cycle well and knows the approximate days of ovulation , the test will only serve as confirmation, facilitating the identification of the fertile period.
Is There Ovulation Without Mucus?
One of the main signs of ovulation is mucus , however, not all women find it easy to distinguish or identify it. In some cases, it may even occur that a woman does not have mucus or is so little that it goes unnoticed. But even if there is no mucus, ovulation is occurring.
The best way to confirm ovulation in these cases is to observe the other symptoms that the body gives during this period, in addition to of course following the fertile calendar when it is approaching. The use of the ovulation test in these cases can also be of great help, as it will confirm, even without apparent mucus.
How to Increase Ovulation Mucus?
If your body produces little ovulation mucus, some precautions can help increase production. Drinking water is essential , and if you already drink enough water, double your consumption. Another surefire tip is the consumption of yam, either through food, powder, capsules or even in tea.
The yam has properties that act in the ovulatory increase and with that, in the production of the ovulation mucus, making it more resistant and evident. Thus facilitating the identification of the ovulatory period, as well as facilitating the conception.
For tempting couples, a precious tip also for women who have little mucus, is the use of fertility-friendly gel lubricants , such as FamiGel . In addition to playing the role of female mucus, it helps sperm by increasing their mobility until they reach the egg.
For women who wish to become pregnant and have some difficulty in identifying their ovulation simply because it does not occur or because of its irregular cycle, the gynecologist may prescribe the use of ovulation inducers to facilitate conception.
Ovulation inducers are drugs produced based on clomiphene citrate , which can be prescribed even for women with SOMP (polycystic ovary syndrome) who wish to become pregnant. But it is necessary to warn, that even if it is a highly effective treatment, it has side effects.
Therefore, its use must be made through medical indication and with adequate monitoring. Its incorrect use can cause severe pain in ovarian stimulation or even ovarian hyperstimulation, overloading the function of the ovary and causing severe pain.
In extreme cases, it may be necessary to remove the ovary affected by hyperstimulation. Therefore, never use these drugs without prescription and medical monitoring.
If the total absence of ovulation is analyzed, the gynecologist may request evaluative tests to check your hormone levels . Blood tests that analyze the dosages of LH, FSH, prolactin, progesterone and especially estrogen are essential to give the correct diagnosis and treatment. In many cases, the lack of ovulation can be easily resolved or it is a simple hormonal lack of control responsible for deregulating the cycle.
My name is Dr. Alexis Hart I am 38 years old, I am the mother of 3 beautiful children! Different ages, different phases 16 years, 12 years and 7 years. In love with motherhood since always, I found it difficult to make my dreams come true, and also some more after I was already a mother.
Since I imagined myself as a mother, in my thoughts everything seemed to be much easier and simpler than it really was, I expected to get pregnant as soon as I wished, but it wasn’t that simple. The first pregnancy was smooth, but my daughter’s birth was very troubled. Joana was born in 2002 with a weight of 2930kg and 45cm, from a very peaceful cesarean delivery but she had already been born with congenital pneumonia due to a broken bag not treated with antibiotics even before delivery.