The woman’s body is both complex and very delicate. Just as we need to know how each organ works to understand how the body reacts to certain situations and environments, we also need to understand what are the diseases that affect only women and how they affect them.
Organs like the ovaries are a great example of how certain diseases need to be better known, such as infection in the ovaries . Many women do not know what the symptoms of this disease are and are not even aware of the dangers that it can bring, which is exactly why we are going to deal with it today.
But first, do you know exactly what the ovaries are and what their function is in the woman’s body?
What are Ovaries?
The ovary is one of the main organs of a woman’s reproductive system, with two of them, one on the right side and one on the left side. They have an oval shape, similar to almonds, which is why they have this name.
One of the main functions of the ovaries is the production of sex hormones , which are one of the main factors for developing female characteristics. It is also the function of the ovaries to regulate a woman’s menstruation , that is, when there is a problem in this regard, one of the first things to be examined is certainly the ovaries .
The ovaries of an adult woman have different follicles, where the eggs are found. When an egg is produced during menstruation, a large amount of estrogen is also produced. The egg is taken to the fallopian tubes, where fertilization occurs , in case the egg comes into contact with sperm.
What is Ovarian Infection?
As you can see, several functions of the woman’s body depend on the ovaries, which means that several problems in the female reproductive system can be the result of an infection in the ovaries.
Also called ovaritis or oophoritis , infection in the ovaries usually has bacterial causes and can only affect these organs or end up spreading to others, mainly to the fallopian tubes, generating a generalized infection.
This type of infection can also be caused by problems such as salpingitis or it can even be an autoimmune disease, as we will see below.
Types of Ovarian Infection
The type of infection in the ovary will depend on the cause of this infection in the woman and how this disease behaves. There are basically three types, they are:
- Autoimmune Ovary Infection
- Chronic Ovarian Infection
- Acute Ovary Infection
Let’s talk a little more about each one so that you can see the differences between the three.
Autoimmune Ovary Infection
It is the rarest of all and occurs when there is destruction of cells by the body itself . It is also the most dangerous, as the destruction of ovarian cells can end up leading a woman to infertility. Because it happens many times for no apparent reason, it is a dreaded disease and exactly why it is necessary that your exams are always up to date.
Chronic Ovarian Infection
When ovarian infection happens many times in a row, it is called chronic. This may be due to infections and inflammations in other organs or even endometriosis. In more severe cases, removal of the ovaries is necessary.
Acute Ovary Infection
It is the most common and occurs when a bacterium reaches one or both ovaries. It can also occur as a result of mumps . Its treatment is milder and usually involves only antibiotics.
Main Symptoms of Ovarian Infection
There are several symptoms that an infection in the ovaries can present. It is necessary to be attentive to a group of them to be more sure that it really is a disease of this type.
Anyway, the most recommended is to go to a doctor as soon as you feel any of these symptoms to check if everything is fine with your body and if you need any kind of treatment. The main symptoms of infection in the ovaries are:
- Nausea and vomiting
- Pain when urinating
- Pains when having intimate contacts
- Vaginal bleeding outside the period
- Difficulties to get pregnant
- Pain in the pelvic area
- Pain in the abdomen
How is the Diagnosis done?
In order to make the correct diagnosis of the disease, a doctor will do touch exams to check if there is no lump, as well as radiographs to check if the organs are inflamed or not.
The doctor should also order a blood count to detect the presence of bacteria and, thus, indicate the best type of treatment for the disease.
Treatment of Ovarian Infection
When ovarian infection is detected, the first type of treatment usually indicated is the use of antibiotics . If this type of treatment does not prove to be effective, the doctor may prescribe a stronger medicine to fight the bacteria.
In some more serious cases, it is necessary to have surgical intervention and even the removal of the ovaries, although this occurs with some rarity.
Some homemade and natural methods based on fruits and teas can help not only relieve symptoms but also fight infection, preventing the bacteria from spreading and worsening your clinical condition.
However, these alternatives should never be used alone or replace the treatment that the doctor has indicated. This can be detrimental to your health, so use these alternatives only as a complement to medical treatment.
There are certain diseases that affect us without knowing exactly what measures we should take immediately. It is always important to visit a doctor when you notice something different in your body, but it is also important to know that these diseases exist both to be calmer about the symptoms and not to take any action that could make your condition worse.
Ovarian infection is much more common than you think and can be treated relatively simply, especially if you follow all medical recommendations to the letter.
This kind of thing can scare us, but when you have the information, there is no reason to be afraid.
See also: What is the Role of Horns in Fertility?
My name is Dr. Alexis Hart I am 38 years old, I am the mother of 3 beautiful children! Different ages, different phases 16 years, 12 years and 7 years. In love with motherhood since always, I found it difficult to make my dreams come true, and also some more after I was already a mother.
Since I imagined myself as a mother, in my thoughts everything seemed to be much easier and simpler than it really was, I expected to get pregnant as soon as I wished, but it wasn’t that simple. The first pregnancy was smooth, but my daughter’s birth was very troubled. Joana was born in 2002 with a weight of 2930kg and 45cm, from a very peaceful cesarean delivery but she had already been born with congenital pneumonia due to a broken bag not treated with antibiotics even before delivery.