Irritable Bowel Syndrome – Causes, Symptoms and Treatments

With each passing day, new diseases, syndromes and causes of various complications in human life are discovered by medicine that simply could not be explained. Some completely unknown or little commented, such as irritable neck syndrome, but which can occur in the life of anyone , in any age group. In this article we clarify more about this syndrome and everything that surrounds it, as well as its symptoms and treatments so that the patient can live in a healthy way.

It is very common to hear about abdominal or intestinal discomfort, such as colic or even linked to excess gas that causes discomfort. Diarrhea, constipation and even involuntary bowel movements that may seem common , may be indicative of a little-known syndrome, irritable bowel syndrome. But for this diagnosis to be closed, it is necessary to be associated with other factors. So, if the discomfort is constant, it is worth talking to your doctor.

What is Irritable Bowel Syndrome?

Irritable bowel syndrome or irritable bowel syndrome is a disease that affects the digestive tract (large and small intestine) and is diagnosed by a set of symptoms and factors that must be monitored by a doctor with long-term treatment .

Usually abdominal discomforts accompanied by constipation, diarrhea, strong cramps and intense bowel movements without explanation, without finding any biochemical or structural changes in the body and which are followed by the following signs:

  • The pains stop or lessen after evacuating;
  • Discomfort and crises are associated with changes in the frequency of bowel movements;
  • Change in stool shape;
  • Consecutive pains or not, for 12 weeks.

 

Causes of Irritable Bowel Syndrome

The intestinal walls are formed by a muscular lining that make contraction and relaxation movements when receiving the ingested food. These foods pass through the stomach and go towards the rectum, where they are evacuated. In the case of patients who have irritable neck syndrome, this process of contractions ends up being more intense and with a longer duration than normal, which causes the discomfort characteristic of the disease.

There are also cases where the patient with irritable bowel syndrome faces the exact opposite of this situation. Normal intestinal contractions, which are necessary to take the ingested food to the rectum, reduce its function and delay the passage of food, generating harder stools and causing greater discomfort, even to evacuate.

The disease has been studied tirelessly to discover the real cause, but a plausible answer has not yet been found. A combination of factors may be involved in the occurrence of the disease, such as:

  • Food;
  • Stress
  • Hormonal;
  • Gastrointestinal diseases;

Food

It has been analyzed that irritable bowel syndrome attacks may be linked to food intolerance or allergic reaction to certain foods. Among the main foods on the list that cause these crises are chocolate, beans, fats, fried foods, cabbage, milk, carbonated drinks, broccoli and cauliflower and alcohol.

When the patient is diagnosed with the disease, one of the essential points of treatment is the change in eating habits, where some foods are extremely prohibited to avoid worsening the condition.

Stress

Nervous and stressed people may develop gastrointestinal problems and this may be related to the onset of irritable bowel syndrome. They have been observed in patients diagnosed with the disease, that in times of great stress, the crises are more constant and the abdominal discomforts are even greater.

Hormonal

Experts believe that irritable bowel syndrome is related to the hormonal part because there are more occurrences among women than in men. It has been observed that the symptoms and worsening of the disease occur even in periods where there are more intense hormonal variations, such as around the menstrual period.

Gastrointestinal Diseases

It has been observed that patients who already suffer from bowel problems or gastrointestinal disorders are more likely to develop irritable bowel syndrome. This may be related to constant episodes of acute infectious diarrhea or even the overgrowth of bacteria in the intestine that may trigger irritable bowel syndrome.

Who Can Have Irritable Bowel Syndrome?

Abdominal discomfort and intestinal disorders can occur with anyone and in any age group, so it is not a symptom that must be analyzed in parallel to relate the disease in question. But there are those considered to be at-risk groups , where they should be analyzed in particular, including when closing the diagnosis.

  • Men and women up to 45 years;
  • Having cases of the disease in the family;
  • The disease affects both men and women, but being a woman is a risk factor;
  • Having problems like anxiety, depression or some personality disorder .

Symptoms of Irritable Bowel Syndrome

The symptoms of irritable bowel syndrome can easily be confused with discomforts considered normal in human life. Therefore, it is necessary to be observed in conjunction with other occurrences and signs that the body is giving. The disease can also cause variations, from people to people , for this reason medical analysis is indispensable in particular for the patient’s case.

  • Constant abdominal pain;
  • Constant strong cramps;
  • Gases and constant bloating sensation;
  • Presence of mucus in the stool;
  • Pictures of constant diarrhea;
  • Constant constipation;

Irritable bowel syndrome causes severe symptoms and in some stages it may reduce the signs or disappear completely. With this, it can make the diagnosis difficult, or the patient simply does not seek help, thinking it is a normal intestinal breakdown. If symptoms persist periodically, seek medical attention to report what has been occurring. If the patient does not receive adequate treatment, the syndrome worsens is inevitable, in addition to the seizures becoming more and more intense.

If you notice, bleeding in the rectum accompanied by severe abdominal pain, involuntary gradual weight loss and severe dehydration, seek immediate attention immediately.

Disease Diagnosis

The doctors who can close the diagnosis of the disease are: general practitioner and gastroenterologist. Usually the diagnosis is made through the analysis of the symptoms and through some evaluative exams. Changing eating habits, including suspending lactose consumption for a period, can assist the specialist in confirming the diagnosis. Blood tests for analysis of red blood cells and culture of feces, to rule out possible infections can be ordered.

The specialist may request additional tests for bowel analysis such as endoscopy, colonoscopy and sigmoidoscopy. A computed tomography and x-ray of the gastrointestinal tract can also be performed to close the diagnosis.

Treatment of Irritable Bowel Syndrome

As no real cause for the disease has yet been found, the goal of treatment is to reduce symptoms and provide a better quality of life for the patient. Some medications can be used, but the best treatment response is through dietary changes .

The implantation of fibrous supplements, elimination of fatty foods and carbonated drinks, in addition to the gluten that should be cut from the food menu are the main ones. Medications are for symptom control, such as diarrhea remedies, antispasmodics for gas control and in some cases low-dose antidepressants. The practice of physical exercises is also essential for a better response in the treatment.

Website | + posts

My name is Dr. Alexis Hart I am 38 years old, I am the mother of 3 beautiful children! Different ages, different phases 16 years, 12 years and 7 years. In love with motherhood since always, I found it difficult to make my dreams come true, and also some more after I was already a mother.

Since I imagined myself as a mother, in my thoughts everything seemed to be much easier and simpler than it really was, I expected to get pregnant as soon as I wished, but it wasn’t that simple. The first pregnancy was smooth, but my daughter’s birth was very troubled. Joana was born in 2002 with a weight of 2930kg and 45cm, from a very peaceful cesarean delivery but she had already been born with congenital pneumonia due to a broken bag not treated with antibiotics even before delivery.

Dr. Alexis Hart

My name is Dr. Alexis Hart I am 38 years old, I am the mother of 3 beautiful children! Different ages, different phases 16 years, 12 years and 7 years. In love with motherhood since always, I found it difficult to make my dreams come true, and also some more after I was already a mother. Since I imagined myself as a mother, in my thoughts everything seemed to be much easier and simpler than it really was, I expected to get pregnant as soon as I wished, but it wasn’t that simple. The first pregnancy was smooth, but my daughter’s birth was very troubled. Joana was born in 2002 with a weight of 2930kg and 45cm, from a very peaceful cesarean delivery but she had already been born with congenital pneumonia due to a broken bag not treated with antibiotics even before delivery.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published.