Very hectic life, overwork, many worries or situations that seem to have no solution, head in a thousand and even the body very tired, the night comes you can’t sleep or when you sleep, you wake up hourly, waking up with a feeling of exhaustion . Thousands of people go through this situation daily and many do not even imagine the seriousness of the problem when it is not treated. Therefore, in this article we will talk about insomnia, its main causes and tips and methods on how to treat or circumvent this problem that haunts so many people.
What is Insomnia
Insomnia is the name given to the sleep disorder, characterized by an individual’s inability to fall asleep or stay asleep for hours in a night. It can be caused by organic or psychiatric factors, so you must have medical monitoring to identify the cause.
The recommended time for a healthy night’s sleep is 7 to 8 hours, but it can vary from person to person. Some people are able to sleep 5 to 6 hours and wake up fully refreshed, considering it sufficient, even though it is not recommended by sleep health experts. In fact, it is believed that sleepless nights for long periods cause future health disorders.
Nowadays, people with poor sleep quality and who suffer from insomnia may experience decreased productivity, constant changes in mood , lack of energy and even weight gain. The quality of life and productivity is completely affected by the interruption of the rest due.
It is very common for people to suffer from insomnia in some moments of life, but this when it does not become constant and begins to affect the day-to-day, becoming a chronic insomnia, far beyond what is normal.
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Causes of Insomnia
The causes of insomnia can be related to several factors, whether they are concerns, psychological problems, the occurrence of some diseases and even the use of some medications that can affect the quality of sleep.
Present in the lives of all human beings, anxiety is one of the main reasons for the occurrence of insomnia and other health problems. People with intense anxiety or diagnosed as anxiety disorder may have difficulty sleeping or have poor quality sleep, waking up several times during the night.
People who suffer from depression tend to sleep more than normal, but may also have difficulty sleeping, experiencing insomnia. Usually in these cases, the use of remedies that help you sleep may be recommended.
The use of some medications can interfere with the quality of sleep or even the individual’s ability to fall asleep. Some antidepressants, antiallergens, blood pressure control drugs and stimulants can cause insomnia. Medicines that have caffeine in their composition or substances with stimulating power can cause changes in sleep.
Eating Too Late
Due to the hectic routines it is very common to hear that dinner ends up taking place very late. But for those who already have trouble sleeping, this can be a problem! In fact, heavy eating late at night is not recommended because of a feeling of heaviness, some cases of reflux and heartburn at bedtime. Give preference to lighter snacks, broths or schedule to eat earlier.
Alcohol, Caffeine and Nicotine
Beverages that have caffeine in their composition are considered stimulants such as coffee, cola-based soda and some teas. They are common drinks in the daily lives of all people, but in excess and ingested at night can cause disruption of sleep. Cigarette consumption, since nicotine is another stimulant, can cause insomnia.
The consumption of alcohol may not cause insomnia, on the contrary, but it causes changes in the quality of sleep, causing constant interruptions at night, preventing the deepest stages of sleep, which are essential.
There are other causes that cause insomnia, such as the age factor, bad sleep habits, or lack of sleep routine, changes in daily routines, or changes in the environment or at work. Some health conditions can cause insomnia as well, such as problems that cause severe pain in the body.
If you are having difficulty sleeping and insomnia attacks are affecting your professional performance or in studies, it is necessary to see a doctor to assess your case. Investigating what may be causing the problem and being treated may be the solution.
The doctors who can investigate the causes and treat insomnia are: general practitioner, psychiatrist, neurologist and specialist in sleep medicine. Check all the symptoms, as well as all the information that can facilitate the diagnosis as medicines that you use regularly, your routine.
Through several questions, the specialist will investigate your sleep pattern. Some tests may be ordered to check for a health problem or condition that may be affecting sleep quality. If after an investigation, an obvious cause is still not found, a more detailed investigation in a specialized center for analysis and diagnosis of the sleep disorder may be necessary .
Through sleep monitoring, it is possible to record bodily activities during the patient’s sleep, including breathing, brain changes, heartbeat and all body movement.
After all assessment and closing of the diagnosis, new sleep habits should be included , in addition to addressing possible causes. Medicines for the purpose of relaxing and adjusting the quality of sleep can be indicated. Only the specialist doctor can indicate the medicine, as well as the ideal dosage for your case. Therefore, do not self-medicate or suspend treatment without medical advice.
No matter the cause of insomnia, it always has a solution! Just follow the medical guidelines and do the treatment properly, in addition to all the adjustments in the routine. Good habits lead to a faster recovery of sleep. The practice of physical activities is one of the changes indicated to provide health and a healthier night’s sleep.
Avoid naps during the day and reduce the amount of coffee and soft drinks, especially in the late afternoon and evening. Schedule a sleep routine, with fixed times to go to bed and disconnect from television and cell phones at bedtime. Maintaining a fixed routine at night will make you go to bed more relaxed.
My name is Dr. Alexis Hart I am 38 years old, I am the mother of 3 beautiful children! Different ages, different phases 16 years, 12 years and 7 years. In love with motherhood since always, I found it difficult to make my dreams come true, and also some more after I was already a mother.
Since I imagined myself as a mother, in my thoughts everything seemed to be much easier and simpler than it really was, I expected to get pregnant as soon as I wished, but it wasn’t that simple. The first pregnancy was smooth, but my daughter’s birth was very troubled. Joana was born in 2002 with a weight of 2930kg and 45cm, from a very peaceful cesarean delivery but she had already been born with congenital pneumonia due to a broken bag not treated with antibiotics even before delivery.