Heart attack is one of the most serious problems that can occur in a person’s heart. It is the main cause of death in Brazil and one of the main worldwide. It can be even more serious if no one knows what it is about when symptoms occur. For that reason, we are going to talk today about the symptoms of a heart attack and how understanding it can be crucial. But first, it is important to understand exactly what a heart attack is and why it occurs. Do you want to know more about it? Check everything in today’s text!
What is a heart attack?
A heart attack is basically the death of a part of the heart , more specifically the myocardium, caused by the difficulty in pumping blood. This difficulty, in turn, can occur for several causes, from clogging of veins and arteries to excessive tiredness of the cardiac muscle. It is a really serious problem that can have serious consequences and, therefore, it is necessary to be aware of the signs and types of infarction that exist.
Types of infarction
Although all heart attacks have more or less the same consequences, there are some types that carry important differences between them. Their classification ranges from type 1 to type 5. We will talk a little more about each of them below.
Type 1 infarction
It is a type of spontaneous infarction and usually occurs due to existing cardiovascular diseases.
Type 2 infarction
It occurs when there is a lack of oxygen in the blood, forcing the heart to overwork and causing the death of a part of it. It is common in people who have anemia, hypertension and arrhythmias.
Type 3 infarction
This type is a silent infarction, that is, it occurs unexpectedly and without showing many signs. It usually happens because of a blockage in the coronary artery that was not previously detected.
Type 4 infarction
It is a type of infarction that requires angioplasty, that is, revascularization of the heart.
Type 5 infarction
It is also a heart attack that requires myocardial revascularization surgery.
What are the Symptoms of Infarction?
Acute myocardial infarction is not always silent and can often indicate signs that it will happen. Some of the main symptoms of a heart attack are:
- Pain in the abdominal region
- Swollen feet
- Fatigue and weakness
- Pains in the chest area
- Cold sweat
It is worth mentioning that, when it comes to women, some different symptoms may appear, such as:
- Chest discomfort
Often just one of these symptoms means nothing, and other times it can go unnoticed. But when a person feels the combination of two or more of them, it is important to turn on the warning signal, especially if he is part of some risk group, such as heart, smokers or obese, for example. Knowing what the symptoms of a heart attack are and, mainly, knowing how to deal with them if they appear, is essential for lives to be saved.
Causes of Infarction
It is not possible to determine just one cause for a heart attack, as it can arise in several ways. However, it is important to show which ones are the main ones so that you have a better idea of whether or not you are in the risk group. The main causes of infarction are:
- Excessive use of alcohol and drugs
- High pressure
Acute myocardial infarction is directly linked to a person’s health conditions. For that reason, maintaining healthy habits are great ways to prevent this type of problem from occurring with you.
The importance of acting quickly
Acting quickly when you have symptoms of a heart attack can be the difference between surviving or not. As you may have noticed, the heart attack emits several signs before it actually happens. And that is the best thing we can know about him. When you act quickly and see a doctor at the first symptoms, the heart attack can be something less serious. When you are in a hospital attended by doctors and already prepared for something to happen, it is much more difficult for the consequences of a heart attack to be the most serious. That is why understanding what the symptoms of infarction are and knowing how to identify them is something so important, especially if you are part of the risk group. As we have already said, this can be the difference between dying or not.
Heart attack is the leading cause of death in Brazil, but luckily there are many things you can do to prevent this problem from occurring with you. And even if there are chances, understanding what the symptoms of a heart attack are will certainly help you to identify these signs faster and act responsibly to prevent something bad from happening. Taking care of your own body is always very important. Do not neglect this and do not even think that it is too late. Having a good life is also having good health.
My name is Dr. Alexis Hart I am 38 years old, I am the mother of 3 beautiful children! Different ages, different phases 16 years, 12 years and 7 years. In love with motherhood since always, I found it difficult to make my dreams come true, and also some more after I was already a mother.
Since I imagined myself as a mother, in my thoughts everything seemed to be much easier and simpler than it really was, I expected to get pregnant as soon as I wished, but it wasn’t that simple. The first pregnancy was smooth, but my daughter’s birth was very troubled. Joana was born in 2002 with a weight of 2930kg and 45cm, from a very peaceful cesarean delivery but she had already been born with congenital pneumonia due to a broken bag not treated with antibiotics even before delivery.