Having to deal with any type of disability is always a challenge, both for the person who has it and for the family that needs to adapt to structure itself in the best way and provide a good life for the disabled. This is not very different with children who have visual impairments or with a hearing impaired , but the type of care and adaptation of each one will be different.
What is a Hearing Impaired?
Hearing impairment, or deafness, is a type of impairment that is characterized by a person’s inability to recognize sounds or even low ability. It can be a problem that has existed since the person’s birth or it can be acquired through illness or a serious accident.
A person who is unable to hear sounds below 50 decibels is considered deaf , but in many cases devices and medical monitoring can solve the problem.
In other cases, however, the issue is more difficult, as the device only helps the person to a certain extent, but does not solve the problem completely . It is important that, in these more serious cases, the person learns Libras and orofacial reading as early as possible, so that their education and learning process are not harmed.
Childhood of a Hearing Impaired
The childhood of a hearing impaired person can be normal and healthy, but this depends on several factors and directly on the relationship of care that the parents have with the child , especially in their first years of life, where communication is being developed.
This means that medical follow-up and the search for knowledge about how to deal with a child with hearing loss need to be constant. The inclusion of hearing impaired people in society is also, to a large extent, the duty of parents and ensures that, even growing up with a type of disability, the child can be healthy and develop the social skills necessary to have a good life.
How Can Hearing Loss Occur?
As we said earlier, hearing loss can be something that is born or caused by some illness or accident. But before we talk about what can cause this loss, we need to understand that it can occur in two different ways:
- Sudden Hearing Loss – Various types of trauma, infections, tumors and medications can cause sudden hearing loss.
- Gradual Hearing Loss – Occurs naturally because of age, although these cases do not usually result in deafness. But it can also be caused by damage to nerve cells or even too much earwax in the ear.
Since we already understand the types of hearing loss that exist, you can name among the main things that make a person a hearing impaired:
- Exposure to Excessive Noise
Exposure to Excessive Noise
It can fit both types of hearing loss, depending on the type of exposure. It usually occurs with people who work in unhealthy places where there is too much noise and little prevention for the ears, as in large works, for example.
It is very difficult for this type of hearing loss to result in total deafness, but it can cause the person to have to use the hearing aid.
Meningitis, especially bacterial, can cause hearing loss at several different levels. Hearing loss occurs due to inflammation in the cochlea , the region responsible for transforming acoustic signals into electrical signals for the brain, causing hearing to occur. Depending on the level of inflammation, meningitis can cause severe and permanent hearing loss, especially in children.
Inappropriate use of medications can reach areas of the brain and cause a person to become hearing impaired. For this reason, it is always important to see a doctor for the treatment of any type of illness so that simple problems do not turn into such serious things.
Hearing Impaired Rights
Hearing impaired people have some rights so that they can live well within society. These rights are achievements so that the inclusion of these people happens more quickly and in an organized way, and also to show to society all the capabilities that a hearing impaired person has. Among the main rights of the hearing impaired are:
- Free Pass – Guarantees the benefit of interstate travel for the hearing impaired that prove a low family income.
- Income Tax Exemption – This is a benefit for people who have physical, visual and hearing impairments.
- Employment – Job vacancies designed specifically for the hearing impaired.
- Access to the University – The Federal Government has a program designed to include people with disabilities in several higher education institutions.
- Public tenders – There are also places for the disabled in public tenders. The hearing impaired person can compete for these vacancies as long as he has bilateral hearing loss.
As we can see, the rights of the hearing impaired serve so that these people do not live as they did for many years, on the margins of society and considered inferior in some way.
Inclusion of Hearing Impaired
The inclusion of the hearing impaired is now a reality in many parts of the world . In the past, it used to be associated with deafness with some mental problem, because people who did not have the ability to listen had many difficulties to develop different skills.
This belief ended as the inclusion of hearing impaired began to become more and more present and proved that, with the right education, a hearing impaired person can lead a normal life.
That is why it is so important for parents to know that the child needs to live with other children with the same disability, but also with children different from them. This is important for the social development of all, and they learn from an early age to deal with differences.
A hearing impaired person, even if he has problems and some types of difficulties, can have a normal life and without many communication problems, with or without the hearing aid. Of course, this is not a reality for everyone, because unfortunately not everyone has the opportunity to learn the Pounds and neither lip reading from an early age, for example.
In addition, there are many parents who have no information on how to deal with hearing impaired children and end up unintentionally hindering their development process. That is exactly why we all need to understand the importance of including hearing impaired people.
With everyone gaining awareness, it is much easier to make it that more and more hearing impaired people can live normally in our society.
My name is Dr. Alexis Hart I am 38 years old, I am the mother of 3 beautiful children! Different ages, different phases 16 years, 12 years and 7 years. In love with motherhood since always, I found it difficult to make my dreams come true, and also some more after I was already a mother.
Since I imagined myself as a mother, in my thoughts everything seemed to be much easier and simpler than it really was, I expected to get pregnant as soon as I wished, but it wasn’t that simple. The first pregnancy was smooth, but my daughter’s birth was very troubled. Joana was born in 2002 with a weight of 2930kg and 45cm, from a very peaceful cesarean delivery but she had already been born with congenital pneumonia due to a broken bag not treated with antibiotics even before delivery.