Early menopause! This term can scare many women and even more those who have not had children yet. Early menopause is nothing more than a woman’s ovaries failing to produce enough hormones to induce ovulation, that is, a woman stops ovulating altogether. Usually cases of early menopause can happen at around 32 years of age or more, but it is not uncommon to have reports of young women, in their 20s with this small problem.
Estrogen is the main hormone responsible for ovulation and when the ovary starts to produce much smaller quantities than necessary, ovarian function starts to be impaired, initiating immense ovulatory cycles even without any apparent problem. Yea! Early menopause is directly linked to hormones, but do not despair if you had a diagnosis of early menopause, most cases have reversion with ideal treatment prescribed by a specialist.
What Are the Symptoms of Early Menopause? How to Treat?
The symptoms of early menopause can be very similar from woman to woman and are also very similar to menopause by age, the most common and already at the ideal age of climacteric to happen.
- Hot flushes, sweating and excess heat
- Decreased menstrual frequency
- Vaginal dryness
- Frequent headaches
- Mood changes
- Weight change (almost always for more)
Changes in skin and hair is also a very common feature. All of this due to hormonal changes. If the body fails to produce the necessary amounts of estrogen, the entire metabolism can be compromised hormonally speaking, so all parts of the body that benefit from estrogen can lose even the vagina that can lose moisture almost completely. Consequently, libido is also affected by lack of hormones. Some women completely lose sexual desire at this stage of early menopause.
Early menopause can be caused by several reasons, whether genetic, hormonal or even chemotherapy. The most common of the versions of early menopause is when the woman has a severe hormonal disorder that if left untreated can progress to early menopause. In addition, the lack of menstruation should not be seen as a relief unless the woman takes medication to cut the menstrual flow , any and all missed periods for more than 3 cycles should be investigated by the doctor.
Women who have two or more of the above symptoms combined with a missed period for even more than a year are serious candidates for having early menopause. In order to diagnose, the doctor will order hormonal tests , done through the patient’s blood and also an ultrasound exam to closely evaluate the ovaries. More serious cases may present with ovarian atrophy and in these cases reversal is more complicated, but possible through hormone replacement and also surgically.
Treatment for early menopause is relatively simple, requires patience and a lot of discipline to do hormone replacement, as some symptoms may be unpleasant initially. However, with the evolution of treatment for early menopause, the benefits become clear, everything improves even the libido. Hormone replacement is essential in cases of early menopause, because if left untreated they can cause many more problems such as osteoporosis and even heart problems. Normally women who go through early menopause can get pregnant, but the pregnancy may have chances to happen only with an egg donation, that is, an ovation. So seek help if you start to notice that you feel too hot and also if you have no menstruation seek the trusted gynecologist for a physical evaluation and investigate the possibility of being experiencing an early menopause.
To the next!
My name is Dr. Alexis Hart I am 38 years old, I am the mother of 3 beautiful children! Different ages, different phases 16 years, 12 years and 7 years. In love with motherhood since always, I found it difficult to make my dreams come true, and also some more after I was already a mother.
Since I imagined myself as a mother, in my thoughts everything seemed to be much easier and simpler than it really was, I expected to get pregnant as soon as I wished, but it wasn’t that simple. The first pregnancy was smooth, but my daughter’s birth was very troubled. Joana was born in 2002 with a weight of 2930kg and 45cm, from a very peaceful cesarean delivery but she had already been born with congenital pneumonia due to a broken bag not treated with antibiotics even before delivery.