Contact Dermatitis in Children – Causes, Diagnosis and Treatment

One of the most frequent types of topical (skin) allergies is contact dermatitis . Contact dermatitis is another type of allergy caused by contact with substances that the person has some type of irritation. This irritation can cause pimples, redness, swelling, pimple-like rashes and itchiness in the contact and irritated area.

When Dermatitis Occurs

Some children have this type of allergy early on, and contact dermatitis can appear from any substance. The child just needs access to what irritates the skin to trigger a skin reaction. Contact dermatitis can appear very easily in the summer where exposure to chlorine in the pool is much greater and it is also when children play more outdoors.

 

They also appear because the contact with the factors that can trigger in the summer is greater since they are with less clothes. Contact dermatitis crises are not always instantaneous to the child’s contact with the substance that is allergic. The reaction can happen from 2 to 48 hours after contact and one of the first signs is redness in the area. Contact dermatitis is not contagious and therefore there is no problem in social life.

Main causes

Anything can trigger contact dermatitis, it can be chalkboard, crayons, cleaning products, creams, even those suitable for children. Even some foods such as ketchup and mustard, which contain a higher acidity than other condiments, in contact with the skin can cause some reaction. Therefore, it is very important to pay close attention and eventually have tests that can point out the cause of contact dermatitis in the child.

How to Detect the Cause of Contact Dermatitis in Children?

The exams are done in an appropriate laboratory and are quite simple and complex at the same time. Most tests to show that the allergic person can develop an episode are, in this case, to test in practice some elements in which normally an allergic child could present reactions.

How is the allergy exam done

Then, small amounts of various substances are applied to small areas of the skin with adhesives and noted by the exam specialist. It is also important to say that these experiences must be done by a qualified person with experience in the field , as there may be cases in which the child is extremely allergic to various components and thus harm or even worsen the situation of contact dermatitis.

Reader Report

And who has never seen someone with an ear inflamed by some type of metal that has intolerance? Alessandra has a very severe contact dermatitis and what triggers are some types of metals that some jewelry is made of. Unfortunately, Alessandra Julia’s daughter is also allergic to metals and this prevents her from wearing earrings or bracelets.

“Julia is extremely vain, she cries every day because she sees friends wearing earrings and she can’t wear them. Since I was very young I also have this same allergy to metals, however, I don’t mind not being able to wear a trendy earring.

Nowadays I use a point of light made of surgical material that is the only one that does not give an allergic reaction, but Julia can not even with this metal , dermatitis is very evident and medication is needed to avoid inflammation. So, I prefer not to use anything on it even though it asks me a lot… ”

There are also some episodes of nail contact dermatitis . A simple scratch can infect and cause a very bad injury. In my family there are cases of allergies to nails, condiments, bleach and some types of perfumes . In all cases the bubbles are very large and with water inside.

The crises have also appeared only due to the excessive heat of the summer . This is due to the fact that children’s skin is much more sensitive than that of adults. There are some cases of babies who are allergic to certain brands of diapers, this is a type of the disease and can also lead to the baby only using cloth diapers as a result of this allergy.

 

Contact Dermatitis Treatment

Treatment for contact dermatitis will depend on the degree and severity of the case. There are very effective ointments for mild contact dermatitis. The most severe ones can be treated with antihistamines (antiallergic) for significant improvement.

But always in conjunction with a topical ointment and also prescribed by a pediatrician or dermatologist. In very serious cases where the lesion is inflamed, antibiotic ointments are used and resolve the problem well.

Essential Care

For those who have dry dermatitis, hydration in the summer is very important. Grape oil based creams are great for this purpose and are easily found in compounding pharmacies. To prevent contact dermatitis, parents should be aware, the child will certainly react to the substance they are allergic to and taking it out of reach is essential. In cases of itchy irritation, keep your child’s nails trimmed to avoid injury. And the most important tip, take your child to the doctor frequently until the lesion completely heals and do the treatment strictly.

See also: Baby diaper rash how to prevent

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My name is Dr. Alexis Hart I am 38 years old, I am the mother of 3 beautiful children! Different ages, different phases 16 years, 12 years and 7 years. In love with motherhood since always, I found it difficult to make my dreams come true, and also some more after I was already a mother.

Since I imagined myself as a mother, in my thoughts everything seemed to be much easier and simpler than it really was, I expected to get pregnant as soon as I wished, but it wasn’t that simple. The first pregnancy was smooth, but my daughter’s birth was very troubled. Joana was born in 2002 with a weight of 2930kg and 45cm, from a very peaceful cesarean delivery but she had already been born with congenital pneumonia due to a broken bag not treated with antibiotics even before delivery.

Dr. Alexis Hart

My name is Dr. Alexis Hart I am 38 years old, I am the mother of 3 beautiful children! Different ages, different phases 16 years, 12 years and 7 years. In love with motherhood since always, I found it difficult to make my dreams come true, and also some more after I was already a mother.Since I imagined myself as a mother, in my thoughts everything seemed to be much easier and simpler than it really was, I expected to get pregnant as soon as I wished, but it wasn’t that simple. The first pregnancy was smooth, but my daughter’s birth was very troubled. Joana was born in 2002 with a weight of 2930kg and 45cm, from a very peaceful cesarean delivery but she had already been born with congenital pneumonia due to a broken bag not treated with antibiotics even before delivery.

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