Contraceptives and their Problems – Questions and Answers

We know that every medicine has its side effects and contraindications. It is no different with the female hormonal contraceptive , which also contains chemicals and acts as a medicine. The synthetic contraceptive hormones act on the body by lowering the levels of the woman’s natural hormones estradiol, progesterone and testosterone, and may also interfere with cortisol and insulin levels.

The main purpose of the contraceptive is to inhibit ovulation , which is what makes a woman able to get pregnant; but contraceptives can also influence the conditions of some hormonal diseases: either improving or worsening symptoms.

Contraceptives for Those Who Have Polycystic Ovaries

Those who have Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS) usually have an irregular menstrual cycle , since several eggs do not mature, they are like small cysts without being reabsorbed, and this interferes with the time of ovulation. Therefore, some doctors prescribe birth control pills for patients with PCOS. Thus, they will have stable hormone levels and a regular cycle of 28 days, but without ovulating, and without addressing the real cause of the problem, which is the natural production of hormones.

Who Has Polycystic Ovary Can Get Pregnant by Taking Contraceptives?

There is always some risk of becoming pregnant for any contraceptive method in fertile and sexually active women. The polycystic ovaries do not mean infertility. Therefore, especially if there are failures in the administration of the contraceptive pill, it is possible to become pregnant. The effectiveness of the pill is measured as 99.7% by research, which is quite high, but it has this margin of error.

Contraceptive Indicated for Migraines

For women who suffer from migraine without aura, that is, without being preceded by visual or sensory symptoms, the mini-pill , which contains only progesterone , is indicated . The combined contraceptives of estrogen and progesterone, patches, rings and injections, can worsen the problem because of their estrogenic action. A woman’s natural progesterone, when balanced, protects her from over-stimulation of the brain and migraines.

What is the best contraceptive for migraine sufferers

The best contraceptives for migraine sufferers are non-hormonal ones . Only progesterone mini pills can be used for migraines without aura. Sometimes the causes of migraine are hormonal imbalances, and progesterone can help relieve symptoms. However, because the hormone in the pill is synthetic, it does not address the root of the problem.

Contraceptive for Migraines with Aura

Migraine with aura, which is preceded by visual or sensory symptoms, is a neurological disease and poses a stroke risk for those taking hormonal contraceptives. The risk of vascular events demonstrated by the use of the pill makes it contraindicated in these situations.

Who Has Hypothyroidism Can Take Contraceptives

The contraceptive can be prescribed even for those who have thyroid problems, however, its effects can affect this gland, which is extremely sensitive to the levels of hormones in the body. Therefore, for those who take pills with hypothyroidism it is essential that they are undergoing thyroid hormone replacement treatment.

Contraceptive Indicated For Those Who Have Hypothyroidism

There is no contraceptive more suitable than the other in cases of hypothyroidism. When the disease exists, the patient must inform the doctor so that she can find the best treatment and can decide whether or not to use the contraceptive.

Contraceptive for Those Who Have Varicose Veins

Contraceptives can develop varicose veins in rare cases. The progesterone consumed can generate vasodilation, with varicose veins as a consequence, but generally this occurs in women who already had a strong genetic predisposition. In these cases, care should be taken mainly with those who are predisposed to the risk of thrombosis , which is also aggravated by the pill.

Contraceptive Indicated For People Who Have Varicose Veins

It is indicated for women who suffer from varicose veins a contraceptive that is based on a type of synthetic progesterone that minimizes interference in the vascular system, as is the case with levonorgestrel.

Who Has Fibroids Can Take Contraceptives?

To date, there are no studies that indicate a contraceptive risk for those who have fibroids in the womb . The contraceptive can decrease the menstrual flow , contributing to the control of the symptoms, but the woman continues to have the fibroid.

What is the best contraceptive for those who have fibroids?

Combined contraceptives, which contain estrogen and progesterone, can relieve symptoms of excessive vaginal bleeding and PMS , and are sometimes more recommended for those who have irregular cycles and symptoms due to fibroids. But any contraceptive could be prescribed in such cases.

Who Has Lupus Can I Take Contraceptives?

But women who have Systemic Lupus Erythematosus (SLE) should carefully evaluate with their doctor whether they can take contraceptives. When the disease is inactive, the use of contraceptives containing estrogen can reactivate Lupus , so the use of progesterone-only mini pills is more recommended. Even so, with the active disease the symptoms can get worse.

Who Has Gastritis Can I Take Contraceptives?

There are no contraceptive contraindications for those who have gastritis or are undergoing treatment for gastritis. One should only pay attention to the possible side effects of the pill, especially at the beginning of the use, which include nausea and vomiting.

Who Has HPV Can I Take Contraceptives?

Those who have or have had HPV can take hormonal contraceptives without problems, as it does not affect the disease. But in order not to contaminate partners, only barrier methods protect the spread of this sexually transmitted disease (STD).

See Also: Injectable Contraceptives – More Benefits or Disadvantages?

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My name is Dr. Alexis Hart I am 38 years old, I am the mother of 3 beautiful children! Different ages, different phases 16 years, 12 years and 7 years. In love with motherhood since always, I found it difficult to make my dreams come true, and also some more after I was already a mother.

Since I imagined myself as a mother, in my thoughts everything seemed to be much easier and simpler than it really was, I expected to get pregnant as soon as I wished, but it wasn’t that simple. The first pregnancy was smooth, but my daughter’s birth was very troubled. Joana was born in 2002 with a weight of 2930kg and 45cm, from a very peaceful cesarean delivery but she had already been born with congenital pneumonia due to a broken bag not treated with antibiotics even before delivery.

Dr. Alexis Hart

My name is Dr. Alexis Hart I am 38 years old, I am the mother of 3 beautiful children! Different ages, different phases 16 years, 12 years and 7 years. In love with motherhood since always, I found it difficult to make my dreams come true, and also some more after I was already a mother. Since I imagined myself as a mother, in my thoughts everything seemed to be much easier and simpler than it really was, I expected to get pregnant as soon as I wished, but it wasn’t that simple. The first pregnancy was smooth, but my daughter’s birth was very troubled. Joana was born in 2002 with a weight of 2930kg and 45cm, from a very peaceful cesarean delivery but she had already been born with congenital pneumonia due to a broken bag not treated with antibiotics even before delivery.

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