Side Effects of Contraceptive Methods

For couples who have already had their children or for those who still do not wish to have, as well as for those who do not have a serious relationship and have an active sex life. The concern with contraceptive methods is a constant in the lives of human beings and can cause very serious disorders due to its side effects.

There are so many options for contraceptive methods and so many brands and manufacturers that you can test to see which one suits you best. But not all women can find one that satisfies and that can lead a normal life using the method. The most used method in the whole world is the oral contraceptive, which is considered easy to access, easy to use and also with safe action. However, it has an extensive list of side effects and that in 90% of women present themselves in an unpleasant way such as swelling, severe headaches, weight gain, nausea and the much feared loss of libido that is part of the main complaint in gynecological offices . Another major concern is the high risks of developing venous thrombosis, especially for those who suffer from other problems such as diabetes, high blood pressure and even high cholesterol.

The second option for those who do not adapt to oral contraceptives is the contraceptive injection . Its method is formed by the combination of estrogen with progesterone and that provide long-lasting action. There is the option of the monthly or quarterly method and should only be applied to the buttocks area. For quarterly injections, the advantage is the absence of menstruation in the period. Its function is similar to the oral medicine, in that it suspends the production of eggs and decreases mucus and endometrial thickness, decreasing menstrual flow. Its side effects are severe headaches, acne, weight gain, swelling, dizziness, mood swings and reduced bone mineral density.

The third alternative widely used among couples is the condom . The condom is a barrier for sperm made of latex or polyurethane, which in addition to preventing contact of the sperm with the uterus, is also effective in protecting against sexually transmitted diseases. There are no side effects, as their method does not enter the bloodstream, much less change hormonal levels. Some people may have an allergy to the condom material as well as the spermicidal oil used.

For those who have not adapted to other methods, there is also the contraceptive implant . It is a small capsule made of etonogestrel that is around 4 cm long and 2 mm in diameter. Its method of use is through application under the skin with the help of a disposable applicator made by the gynecologist himself. Through its use, the eggs are prevented from producing and the secretion of the uterine cervix is ​​altered, making it difficult for sperm to enter and survive. However, its side effects are not so pleasant and are very similar to those for oral use. Severe headaches, pain at the application site, acne, increased menstrual flow, breast pain, weight gain, drop in libido, changes in mood and nausea may appear.

Another method widely used by women is the IUD (intrauterine device) or IUS (intrauterine system) , which, as the names indicate, are methods introduced into the uterus. Its introduction must be carried out by the obstetrician and its effectiveness is prolonged, guaranteeing tranquility for an average of 5 to 10 years. The methods prevent sperm from coming into contact with the egg and in the case of the IUS it also helps to decrease menstrual flow. Its side effects are pointed out as menstrual cramps mainly in the first months of use and in the case of the IUD, increased menstrual frequency as well as flow.

Also as an option of contraceptive method, the patch or also known as patch is a patch that must be glued to the skin and remain for 1 week. The patch consists of two hormones, estrogen and progestogen, which are released into the bloodstream for a period of 7 days, so they must be replaced with a new one. At the end of three weeks of use, a week’s break should be given. The patch can be placed on different regions of the body such as the arm, belly, back or buttocks. Its side effects are considered minimal, such as headaches, nausea and mild menstrual cramps.

Not widely used and little known among women, the vaginal ring is a small flexible ring that contains etonogestrel and ethinyl estradiol. The method should be through insertion into the vagina with the ring placed in the shape of 8 on the 5th menstrual day, and should remain in the same place for 21 days. After this period, it must be removed for a 7-day break and a new ring inserted. Its action due to the release of hormones is to inhibit ovulation. Its side effects are menstrual escapes, severe headaches, weight gain, vaginitis, leukorrhea and it can easily occur to dislocate or exit the ring.

See Also: Getting Pregnant Taking Contraceptives – Can It Happen?

Website | + posts

My name is Dr. Alexis Hart I am 38 years old, I am the mother of 3 beautiful children! Different ages, different phases 16 years, 12 years and 7 years. In love with motherhood since always, I found it difficult to make my dreams come true, and also some more after I was already a mother.

Since I imagined myself as a mother, in my thoughts everything seemed to be much easier and simpler than it really was, I expected to get pregnant as soon as I wished, but it wasn’t that simple. The first pregnancy was smooth, but my daughter’s birth was very troubled. Joana was born in 2002 with a weight of 2930kg and 45cm, from a very peaceful cesarean delivery but she had already been born with congenital pneumonia due to a broken bag not treated with antibiotics even before delivery.

Dr. Alexis Hart

My name is Dr. Alexis Hart I am 38 years old, I am the mother of 3 beautiful children! Different ages, different phases 16 years, 12 years and 7 years. In love with motherhood since always, I found it difficult to make my dreams come true, and also some more after I was already a mother. Since I imagined myself as a mother, in my thoughts everything seemed to be much easier and simpler than it really was, I expected to get pregnant as soon as I wished, but it wasn’t that simple. The first pregnancy was smooth, but my daughter’s birth was very troubled. Joana was born in 2002 with a weight of 2930kg and 45cm, from a very peaceful cesarean delivery but she had already been born with congenital pneumonia due to a broken bag not treated with antibiotics even before delivery.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published.