Today we are going to talk about an important topic for health, but one that still causes confusion, doubts and even fear on the part of moms and dads. Let’s talk about vaccination! The vaccine is the mechanism used to control some infectious diseases, to fight their proliferation and even to eradicate. There are not a few parents who doubt the vaccine’s effectiveness and many people still believe that vaccines cause disease and not a cure. This thinking stems from the fact that the vaccine is made with the microorganisms that cause the diseases, but without attack powers, that is, the weakened microorganisms of the disease are injected or introduced into the human body, causing the production of antibodies, which will fight the weakened microorganisms of the disease and will be “on standby” to fight also the strong microorganisms,
It is important to say that there are rare cases of adverse events after vaccination, which are the undesirable clinical occurrences in the vaccinated individual, which can be classified as mild, moderate or severe. The most frequent occurrences are the appearance of nodules, wounds, purplish, fever and pain, which can be related to the composition of the vaccine, to the vaccinated individuals, to the technique used to administer the vaccine or to the coincidence with other diseases. Severe AEFI is considered to be that which requires hospitalization for at least 24 hours; generates significant or persistent disability (sequela); results in congenital anomalies; it threatens life (requires immediate intervention to prevent death); or leads to death.
Which Vaccines are on the Ministry of Health Calendar
The flu vaccine is not on the calendar because it is offered in campaigns every year before winter. At that time, pregnant women and children between six months and two years of age should be vaccinated. In addition to the vaccines provided by the public network, according to the National Vaccination Calendar above, the Brazilian Society of Pediatrics also recommends the following vaccines:
Age Vaccine Dose
- 1 month Hepatitis B 2nd dose
- 2 months Hemophilia b type 1ª dose
- 4 months Hemophilia b type 2ª dose
- 6 months Hepatitis B 3rd dose
- Hemophiles type b 3ª dose
- Influenza 1ª dose
- 7 months Influenza 2ª dose
- 12 months Hepatitis A 1st dose
- Chickenpox (chicken pox) 1st dose
- Meningococcal C Conjugated Reinforcement
- 15 months Hemophiles type b Reinforcement
- 18 months Hepatitis A 2nd dose
- 4 years Polio (VOP) or (VIP-virus inactivated) Reinforcement
- Chickenpox (chickenpox) Reinforcement
- Triple Viral (CRS) 2nd dose
It should be noted that such vaccines are not available on the public network, and the flu vaccine is offered in periodic campaigns. In addition, it is important to inform that premature babies have a considerable differentiation in relation to the childhood vaccination schedule, as shown in the table below:
BCG-ID It should be applied at birth in newborns weighing 2 kg or more.
Hepatitis B Apply at birth in the usual regimen of three doses (0, 1 and 6 months).
Pneumococcal Start as early as possible (at 2 months). Respecting the chronological age: three doses at 2, 4 and 6 months and a booster at 15 months.
Influenza Respecting chronological age: two doses at 6 and 7 months.
Poliomyelitis (inactivated) In newborns admitted to the neonatal unit, use only inactivated (injectable) vaccine. It should be applied at 2, 4 and 6 months, with reinforcement at 15 months and 4 years of age.
Rotavirus: The hospitalized preterm infant should not receive this vaccine, which is made with live viruses and offers a potential risk of spreading the vaccine virus within the neonatal ICU. Depending on the manufacturer, the vaccine can be applied in two or three doses, at 2, at 4 and, if it is the case for a third dose, at 6 months of age.
Triple Bacterial: Preferably use acellular vaccines. It must be applied at 2, 4 and 6 months, and two reinforcements, at 15 months and 4 years of age.
Hemophilus type B: The hospitalized preterm infant should not receive this vaccine, which is made with live viruses and offers a potential risk of spreading the vaccine virus within the neonatal ICU.
Depending on the manufacturer, the vaccine can be applied in two or three doses, at 2, at 4 and, if it is the case for a third dose, at 6 months of age. Not available on the public network. The other vaccines in the child’s vaccination schedule should be applied according to the chronological age of the premature baby. We saw the amount of vaccines, some acronyms and very complicated name.
Many parents prefer to vaccinate their children in private laboratories and clinics. Those who prefer this need to be aware of the fact that there are different combinations of vaccines. That is, a given laboratory has a pentavalent vaccine against diseases A, B, C, D and E, but the pentavalent vaccine from another laboratory can protect against diseases B, C, D, E and F. Therefore, the guidance is that if you choose to apply the vaccines in a particular laboratory or private clinic, that all vaccines are always applied in the same place, so that there is no confusion, much less the prevention of a disease more than once and the absence of protection in relation to the other disease.
I hope the text was helpful, remembering that childhood vaccination is more than a concern for your child’s health: it is an act of love, as important as breastfeeding. Strictly following the child vaccination schedule can save the life of your little treasure. In any case, monitoring with the pediatrician is of fundamental importance so that your child’s vaccination schedule is satisfactory, as the doctor is the most advised professional to indicate when and which vaccine to apply.
Website that Dr reports in the video above: http://www.sbim.org.br//
See also: Child Vaccination – Lifetime Protection
My name is Dr. Alexis Hart I am 38 years old, I am the mother of 3 beautiful children! Different ages, different phases 16 years, 12 years and 7 years. In love with motherhood since always, I found it difficult to make my dreams come true, and also some more after I was already a mother.
Since I imagined myself as a mother, in my thoughts everything seemed to be much easier and simpler than it really was, I expected to get pregnant as soon as I wished, but it wasn’t that simple. The first pregnancy was smooth, but my daughter’s birth was very troubled. Joana was born in 2002 with a weight of 2930kg and 45cm, from a very peaceful cesarean delivery but she had already been born with congenital pneumonia due to a broken bag not treated with antibiotics even before delivery.