It is often said: my son suffers from adenoids. As if it were a health problem or illness. When in fact adenoids in children as well as the amygdala are part of the immune system responsible for producing antibodies.
Adenoids in children or spongy meat as it is popularly known have the responsibility to defend the entry of foreign agents in the body. It is usually larger in the first years of life and reduces over the years, having its size normalized around 6 to 7 years of age. In some cases, it is noticed that the child breathes through the mouth and snores when sleeping and these are evident signs that the adenoid is preventing the passage of air, causing a nasal obstruction and causing some discomfort even at sleep time.
The child sleeps badly, gets agitated and can affect development as it is during sleep that growth hormones develop. In addition, as it is a place internally connected to the regions of the ear, throat and nose, it can start an infectious process, one behind the other because it is the gateway for bacteria and viruses. In some isolated cases, considered more severe, the growth of the adenoid may compromise hearing or generate constant ear infections. In psychomotor development affect school performance and even change the development of the skull, causing malformation. This change also affects the shape of the teeth, the jaw bone and the inner part of the mouth.
In these cases, in addition to discomfort, infections and damage to development, treatment with a specialist is indicated. Usually, treatment is initiated through medication, which aims to solve the problem of adenoids in children. There are cases that do not respond to these treatments, requiring surgical repair there.
Child Adenoid Surgery
After diagnosing adenoiditis through examinations such as X-rays of the face and nasal endoscopy, and treatment with medications such as antibiotics is ruled out, infantile adenoid surgery may be indicated. Adenoid surgery is a very simple and safe procedure, which consists of removing excess mucous in the affected region, releasing the passage of air. It is necessary to apply general anesthesia for removal, which can be performed together with tonsill removal surgery, if the specialist sees a need.
After performing child adenoid surgery, absolute rest is requested, especially in the first hours after the intervention, in order to avoid the risk of bleeding and bleeding. They usually require 4 to 7 days for full recovery, and may extend in some cases. In addition to rest, adequate nutrition is indicated to aid healing. Ingestion of too much liquid is indicated for a better and faster recovery, and milk and its derivatives considered to be fatty liquids should be avoided, as they can hinder the healing process.
Juices, ice cream, gelatin, yoghurts and food blended in a blender are indicated, giving preference to frozen foods that will act directly on the healing of child adenoid surgery. Solid foods should be avoided for at least 7 days, avoiding bleeding and pain in the repaired region.
It is common to have low fever in the first 3 days accompanied by light bleeding. In case of excessive bleeding, the doctor should be contacted immediately. Pain and discomfort in the first days is inevitable, especially in the throat and jaw area, which occurs due to the position at the time of surgery, but can be alleviated with the use of pain medications.
Not all specialists recommend adenoid surgery in children, aiming that after a few years the size of the adenoid will naturally decrease, reducing inflammation and discomfort. If the discomfort does not improve over the years, especially at bedtime, surgery may occur as an adult.
See also: Pneumonia in Children – How to Find Out?
My name is Dr. Alexis Hart I am 38 years old, I am the mother of 3 beautiful children! Different ages, different phases 16 years, 12 years and 7 years. In love with motherhood since always, I found it difficult to make my dreams come true, and also some more after I was already a mother.
Since I imagined myself as a mother, in my thoughts everything seemed to be much easier and simpler than it really was, I expected to get pregnant as soon as I wished, but it wasn’t that simple. The first pregnancy was smooth, but my daughter’s birth was very troubled. Joana was born in 2002 with a weight of 2930kg and 45cm, from a very peaceful cesarean delivery but she had already been born with congenital pneumonia due to a broken bag not treated with antibiotics even before delivery.